Austria

Category: Resorts » International » Europe » Austria | Author: biker | Views: 10754 | 11-02-2012, 01:21
Austria

Official name: "Republic of Austria";

Geographical location: the center of Europe;

Climate: temperate continental;

Territory of Austria: 83 871 square kilometers;

Capital of Austria: Vienna;

Administrative divisions: 9 lands;

Government: parliamentary republic;

Large cities of Austria: Vienna, Graz, Linz;

Population of Austria: 8 404 252 people;

Ethnic groups of Austria: 88.6% German-speaking Austrians, 11.4%  other nationalities;

Religion: 78% - Catholics, 5% - Protestant, 2% - Muslim, 12% - atheists;

Language of Austria: German (with Austrian accent);

Currency: Euro (EUR);

Internet domain: .at and .eu;

Telephone code: +43;

Local Time: +1;

 

Hotels of Austria Hotels of Austria   Tours to Austria Tours to Austria      Resort cities of Austria Resort cities of Austria

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Austria

Flag of Austria 

Austria

Map of Austria

Austria

Coat of arms of Austria 

 

Information about Austria

Austria is one of the most beautiful countries in Europe. Numerous ski resorts, recreation centers, beautiful lakes, ancient architecture, picturesque villages, clean air and delicious cuisine attract tourists from all over the world.

 

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Geographical location and topography of Austria

Austria is located in the heart of Europe and borders with the Czech Republic in the North, with Slovakia, Italy and Switzerland in the North- East and with Liechtenstein and Germany in the West.

Austria is a mountainous country, which is located in the Alps. Alps of Austria can be roughly divided into the Northern Alps of Tyrol and Salzburg in the South. The greatest mountain pick is the Grossglockner (3797 meters). The largest river is the Danube. The flat terrain is located in the Danube part of Austria.

 

Austria

 

Photos of Austria

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Austria Austria Austria

 

Climate of Austria 

The climate in Austria  is moderately continental. Average winter temperature: -2 (east) and -14 (in mountainous areas). The mountain snow cover lasts up to 8 months a year. Summer is hot, the temperature in the East is 20 – 30, and in the mountains is 20. The best time of year is late spring and early autumn; summer has also its charm.

 

Flora and Fauna of Austria 

Central European vegetation is typical for Austria. Austria belong to the richest forests countries in Europe (46% of the country is covered with forests). Oak-beech and beech-fir forests are spreading on the whole territory.  At an altitude of 1200 m spruce, larch, cedar pine is dominated. As in the most part of Europe, Austria is home to deer, hares, pheasants, partridges, foxes, badgers, martens and squirrels. Typical representatives of the Alpine fauna are chamois, marmots and ibex.


Austria Austria Austria

Austria Austria Austria

Austria Austria Austria

 

History of Austria 

Historians don`t know exactly who were the first settlers on the territory of  modern Austria . About 300 - 400 BC Austrian lands were conquered by Celts, and mingling with the ancient inhabitants, formed the kingdom of Noricum. In one century AD.  Austria was seized by the Roman armies. The era of the Great Migration began in the 4th century. During the following centuries the tribes of Huns, Avars, Alans and Slavs settled here. The last of them were Germans. In 1278 Habsburgs came to power and had been ruling until the World War II. The Habsburgs expanded its territory in peaceful way: Purchasing the land and taking political marriages. In 1740 Maria Theresa came to power and she was ruling for 40 years. It was great period for Austrian state. After the defeat in the Austro - Prussian War in 1867 the Austro-Hungarian Empire was formed. But after the defeat of Austrian army in the World War I the empire split into independent states, and Austria became a republic. In 1938, Nazi Germany occupied Austria. During the World War II Austria fought for Nazi army. After the war Austria was divided into four occupation zones between France, the United States, Britain and the USSR. In May 1955, Austria received its independence. Nowadays, Austria is one of the most developed countries in the World.

Austria Austria Austria

Austria Austria Austria

Austria Austria Austria

Where to go in Austria
- Vienna is the capital of Austria. Vienna belongs to one of the most beautiful cities in the world. It boasts its ancient monuments and unique architecture. Vienna is also known as the musical capital of Europe. The work and life of such famous composers as Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven and Strauss is closely connected with Vienne. Vienna opera, theaters, galleries and ballets are known throughout the world.
The historic center of the city is located around the Ring Street. Numerous parks, gardens and architectural ensembles make Vienna one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The symbol of Vienna is Stephen's Cathedral (Staphansdom). The south tower of the cathedral is a masterpiece of Gothic architecture. We recommend you to visit the Hofburg Palace ensemble, which is used now as the museum. In Cultural and Historical Museum there is one of the world's largest collection of fine art, here you can see works by Durer, Rubens, Raphael and Titian. We also recommend you to see the building of the famous Vienna State Opera and the baroque church - Karlskirche. Magnificent views of the city and the Danube valley opens from the Mount Kahlenberg, located in the Vienna Woods.
- Salzburg is one of the oldest cities in Austria. The town was founded in 696, and located at an altitude of 425 meters above sea level, in the foothills of the Alps. Salzburg is a prime example of the baroque city, many of its streets and squares decorated with statues and fountains. In the old part of town there are walls of the fortress Hohensalzburg. Its construction began in 1077. Nowadays it is Europe's largest building of its kind which has survived in full. Now there is a museum inside the fort. Visit the famous Cathedral and the tomb of the Salzburg archbishops. In this Cathedral in 1756 Wolfgang Mozart was baptized. Also in Salzburg there is a house where this great composer was born and lived. Now it is a museum dedicated to the life and work of Mozart. Visit the palace "Mirabel", surrounded by a magnificent garden with terraces, marble statues, fountains, hedges and flower pots.  "Green House" and "garden of gnomes" are located also here.
- Innsbruck is the main town of Tyrol and the center of winter sports. The city was built in 1239 for collecting taxes for passing over a bridge across the river. Innsbruck is translated as "The Bridge at Inn". To the architectural monuments of the city belong the Hofburg Imperial Palace and Hovkirhe church. Visit the museum of Tyrolean art. Near Innsbruck there is the highest bridge in Europe.
- Graz is the administrative center of the province of Styria. In town you can see the monuments of 13 - 18 centuries, the ruins of palaces and castles. Museum of Criminology
 has the largest collection in the world of medieval weapons.
- Linz is the administrative center of Upper Austria and the city-port on the Danube. Linz is famous for its museums and architectural monuments (palaces and churches 17 - 18 of centuries).

Ski resorts in Austria

 1) Innsbruck is the Centre of ski tourism in Austria. It is a great place for people who are tired of city life and want to stay closer to nature. It is a wonderful place for family holiday. Children will be delighted by the Alpine Zoo and the bobsleigh run. Also there are number of schools for children skiing. The duration of the ski season ia from December to March (Innsbruck region) and the whole a year in Stubai Glacier.
Elevation: 856 - 2338 m (near Innsbruck) and 1750 - 3210 m (Stubai Glacier).
The length of the ski trass is 112 km. Number of lifts - 52 pieces.
In each area you can rent ski equipment. Approximate price of Ski Pass for six days on all platforms is $ 180.
2) Kitzbuehel is an amazing town, where medieval architecture intertwined with modern ski resort.
3) Seefeld - at daytime the first-class mountain trails are waiting for you and at night you can enjoy the numerous casinos, restaurants, night clubs, bowling alleys and movie theaters.
4) St. Anton is one of the oldest Austrian resorts. The first cableways (cable car) were built here. There is also the largest ski museum. Today the resort has an excellent network of ski lifts, excellent trails and plenty of slopes for the free skating.
5) Kaprun is a good place for both professionals and beginners. At a distance of 7 km from the city there is a glacier. The place is very popular among snowboarders. There is one of the best snowboard schools in Austria there.

Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria

 

Cuisine of Austria 

The national cuisine of Austria has been influenced by the culinary traditions of Italy, Hungary, Spain and Turkey. A characteristic feature of Austrian cuisine is the lack of spicy food and moderate use of spices. The most popular dishes among tourists are the "Wiener Schnitzel", "Sacher-cake" and the Austrian beer. To the list of the famous dishes also belong "Shinkenflekerln" (noodles with ham, cheese and egg), potato salad, "Bakhun" (roast chicken) and "Kayzershmarren" (Kaiser Omelet). Also try the dumplings, rolls, fruit dumplings and famous strudel - apple pie.

 

Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria

 

What to buy in Austria

- Vienna Augarten porcelain (tea and coffee sets, various statues and decorations for the interior);
- Crystal Jewelry Swarovski ("Swarovski"). Crystal is known worldwide and is sold in Innsbruck;
- Pumpkin seed oil;
- Candied violets (used as decorations for desserts);
- Cups, plates, glasses with ornament of musical notes;
- Spirits - apricot moonshine;
- Viennese chocolate;
- Souvenir horses.

Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria

 

Interesting facts about Austria

- In Austria, there is the biggest museum complex in Europe - Muzeumskvarte (it's area is 60,000 sq. km.).
- The most famous in the World dance ball is held in February in the Opera House.
- Europabryukke is the highest bridge in Europe (height - 200 m, length - 800 m).
- Austria is the third largest country (after the U.S. and France) on the number of ski lifts (3527 pieces).
- The national flag of Austria is the oldest in the world, it appeared in 1191.
- In Austria there is the highest village in Europe (Hohgurl village is situated at 2150 meters above sea level).
- Austria has the longest working week in Europe (45 hours).

 

Conclusions 

Austria is one of the most beautiful and famous resorts in Europe. In this country you can meet the different traditions and cultures of European countries.
Austria has good health conditions. The combination of healthful air and unique sources of thermal water is not only beneficial to health, but also explicitly promotes to rejuvenation.
Austria is a paradise for winter sports enthusiasts. High quality service and a variety of ski slopes in Austria attract skiers and snowboarders from all over the world. The most popular ski resorts are located in Tyrol, Carinthia, Kaprun and Tukser. Austria is also interesting for its unique architectural style, including the Gothic style, the style of the Renaissance and even post-modern images. In Vienna, Salzburg, Graz, Linz and other Austrian cities there are many museums, theaters and exhibitions. Salzburg is known for its beautiful palaces and castles. Big town squares and medieval streets bring you to the atmosphere of the middle Ages. The Austrian capital - Vienna, attracts music lovers. House of Mozart is very popular tourist attraction. Austria boasts its delicious cuisine. Vienna schnitzel, apple strudel and Sachertorte leave nobody indifferent.

Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria
Austria Austria Austria



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