Venice

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Venice

The official name of the city: "Venice";

Country of Venice: Italy;

Venice Region: Veneto;

Province: Venice;

Area of Venice: 412 square kilometers;

Location: the north-eastern part of Italy;

Climate in Venice: transition from temperate to subtropical;

The population of Venice: 270,439 people;

Language of Venice: Italian (with the Venetian dialect);

Religion: mostly Christian Roman Catholic;

Ethnic groups: Italians (Venetians and indigenous);

Currency:   Euro (EUR, code 978);

Official website of Venice: http://www.comune.venezia.it ;

Zip Code of Venice: 30100

Telephone code of Venice: +39 41; 

Local Time: UTC+1 (in summer UTC +2).

 

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Venice

Flag of Venice

Venice

Map of Venice

Venice

Coat of arms of Venice  

 

Information about Venice

Venice (in Italian "Venezia", the Venetian "Venesia") is a city which located in the northeastern region of Italy, in the Gulf of Venice of the Adriatic Sea. The city is known with its historical part, which located on the islands and channels. In the middle Ages, Venice was the center of the Republic of Venice, one of the most important states in the Mediterranean. Nowadays it is a major tourist and industrial center. Venice is the capital of the Veneto region and the province of Venice. The population of Venice is about 270,400 (for the period of 2009). Venice is the centre of tourism in Italy, the heart of cultural events, the cradle of high art and a good beach resort. This list can be continued, but it is better one time to see than one hundred times to hear.

 

Venice Venice Venice
Venice Venice Venice

 

Geographical location of Venice 

Venice is located in the eastern part of northern Italy, in the Gulf of Venice of the Adriatic Sea. The local time in Venice is the same as in Italy - UTC +1 in winter and in summer - UTC +2. Venice is located in the region of Italy - Tuscany, in the province of Venice. Venice is the main city in these administrative units.

Venice is a strategic northern port of Italy on the Adriatic Sea (its turnover exceeds 21 million tones per year). In Venice, there is an international airport named "Marco Polo".
The historic center of Venice is situated on 118 islands in the Venetian lagoon, which consists of 150 channels and connected with about 400 bridges. The most famous bridges are Rialto and the Bridge of Sighs.
The shipbuilding, nonferrous metals, chemicals, petroleum industry and electrical engineering are concentrated in the industrial part of “Mestre”.

 

Photos of Venice

 

Venice Venice Venice
Venice Venice Venice

 

Climate of Venice

Venice`s climate is transitional from temperate to subtropical, with some elements of the Mediterranean climate. Venice is located on the same latitude as the Ukrainian peninsula of Crimea, but since Venice is archipelago, the sea influences a lot on the climate. Therefore, the air humidity is high and there are a lot of rains with thunderstorms.
 Venice has a long hot summer with an average temperature of 23 degrees. Winters are also warm. It should be noted that summers in Venice are not very hot, because of the sea breeze from the south, and the north wind is blocked with the majestic Alps. The swimming season is open from May to November, in fact because of shallow sea the temperature of water is   about 30 degrees.
The best season in Venice - is the end of summer and early fall. But spring with its pleasant afternoon sun and warm night breeze has also its charm. Winters in Venice are changeable: you never know what will be after rain - fog or sun. Winters mostly don`t have freezing temperature and snow. The coldest month in Venice - is January.

 

History of Venice 

Dreamy beautiful city’s name "Venice" is derived from the region of "Venetia", which in turn took its name from the tribe of Veneto, which once inhabited in Venice. In the second half of the VI century, the settlement began to form on the islands of the city. According to decree of Byzantium, in the VII century, the islands of Venice were combined under the one ruler - the Ducal. Paolo Lucio Anafesto became the first ducal in 697. Since the middle of VIII the ruler was elected in Venice without confirmation of the Byzantine emperor. According to the documents which have been preserved from that time, there were 120 Ducals, and the last of them was Ludovico Manin, who is known to be denied power over Venice in 1797.
After Italy’s entering into possession of Charlemagne, Venice became the "gate" between the Byzantine Empire and the Western world. This suitable position of the city had led to an incredible trade and economic growth. From 991 years, during the reign of Pietro II Orseolo, Venice achieved autonomy in all areas, because it concluded trade agreements with neighboring countries.
 The earlier stolen relics of St. Mark (in 828) were brought to Venice and placed in a specially built vault in the cathedral.
In 976 the Venetians rebelled against to the introduction of vassalage by Ducal Pietro IV Kandiano, as a result the governor was killed. In 1040 the law was adopted according to which it was forbidden to appoint anyone as a successor or co-regent while the Ducal is alive.
Independence of the state of Venice and favorable geographical position made it one of the largest maritime countries in the Mediterranean Sea. Such big areas as Dalmatia, Greece and Istria were included to it. In 1204 the troops of Venice managed to take Constantinople. It contributed to the controlling on many strategic direction of Mediterranean Sea by the Venice state. It also much contributed to the expansion of the colonial lands of Venice, as well as strengthens of Venice Leadership in the region. The long rivalry with Genoa in 1381 ended with the complete victory of Venice and with Turin peace. It should be noted that the state of Venice had possessed he status of a great maritime European country for a long time – till the capture of the city of Constantinople by the Turks in 1453.
But the expansion of the state of Venice in the European continent started again in the 15th century, as a result, such areas as Bergamo and to Friuli came under the control of Venice. After the conquest of America and the development of trade routes in the Indian state through southern Africa - the importance of trade in the Mediterranean region was partially reduced. Since then Venice entered into the period of decline. In the XVI century the new economically strong countries, as England, Spain and Holland appeared in Europe. Over time, Venice lost its colonial possessions.
The island of Cyprus departed to Turkey in 1570 and Crete - in 1669.
The full sunset of Venice began with the arrival of Napoleon's army. In 1796 he abolished its constitution, which had been adopted in 1297, and eliminated the Venetian authority from the political map of Europe. And in 1797, he handed the territory of Venice to its enemy - the Austrian Habsburg state.  Venice was joined to the Italy   only in the IX century (1866).
Venice Venice Venice

 

Culture in Venice

Venice has very rich culture. But in 1797   when the country fell apart the culture was also» frozen”. But it did not affect the beauty and the magic of the city, on the contrary, Venice became very famous because of it ancient and unique architecture. The first exhibition of the Biennale art was held in 1895. It has contributed to the raise of the status of the city, as the centre of culture and art.
Venice authorities strongly protect the ancient architecture of the city, not only for tourists but also for the Venetians, who should always remember and see its true nature.
On the Biennale you can see all kinds of art: theater, painting, music, dance and film. Also, we recommend you to visit such famous theaters as Malibran and La Fenice.
Describing Venice we should mention the great artists such as Giovanni Bellini, Giorgione, Titian, Tintoretto and Veronese, who literally turned the Renaissance to a new, fresh way. Also we must remember Tiepolo, who glorified his native city and Italy in general with fine arts and crafts for the whole of Europe.
Italy, as many other countries had ups and downs in its culture. But in dark periods Venice always saved Italy, giving birth to great artists. Music, namely opera, became an important part of the cultural program in Venice. We can say that Claudio Monteverdi has been the pioneer in opera   and since XIX century, opera has become the main talent of Venice. Great Verdi and Rossini performed in the theater of La Fenice , and it has become known throughout the world, raising the culture of Venice to the higher level.
Torcello Cathedral and Basilica of San Marco belong to the most beautiful buildings in Venice. Different facades of palaces and museums are samples of unique Venetian Gothic style. You'll also be able to admire the most important works of architectures Koduchchi and Sansovino. The legendary Palladio created two churches on the islands of the South Venice.
Venice Venice Venice
Venice Venice Venice

 

What to see in Venice 

Venice is a fairy tale - city. Once visited Venice you will never forget its beauty, elegance and romance. You will love in Venice everything: architecture, in the atmosphere and language. Venice is a city, which everyone should visit at least once a life, because it is like a miracle -hard to believe in its beauties, but impossible to forget.
When you come to Venice - we recommend you to visit these places:

  • St. Mark's Square - the lowest point of the city;
  • Admire the beauty and the value of the Ducal Palace;
  • Near the San Marco you will see the great creations of Andrea Palladio - the church of San Giorgio Maggiore. Even if you are not an art lover, you will enjoy interiors of Viner dei Leoni Palazzo, where you can see the paintings of the world's geniuses such as Picasso, Miro, Pollack, Kandinsky with your own eyes. There is also a museum, Peggy Gutenhaym in the palace.
  • Visit the small and warm atmosphere little church of San Giovanni del Bragora where the great composer Vivaldi was baptized. In the church look at the hand of John the Baptist, which stretching to the heaven and angels surround it. It is fascinating view.
  • Visit the Cathedral of Santa Maria Gloriosa del Frari, where the walls are decorated with Bellini's triptych "Madonna of the saints," "John the Baptist", "Donatello", also you will see two paintings by Titian, "Assumption" and "Madonna of Pesaro family".
  • Visit one of the most beautiful churches Church of San Polo, which was built in the IX century. Here you can see the paintings «Last Judgment" by Tinitiretto and "Way of the Cross" by Domenico Tiepolo's   Earlier, the bullfights and traditional celebrations were held at the door of the church.
  • Church of Santa Maria della Salute simply amaze your mind, your soul and your body with organ music. It is worth hearing in order to feel a real Venice.
  • The island of Burano. It is 7 km. from the center of Venice. Locals have been engaged in Burano lacec for a long time. The island attracts tourists first of all with its architecture of the houses, which are painted in all colors of the rainbow.
  • The island of Torcello. It is relatively deserted, and the most peaceful island compared to another area of Venice. Here you can take a break from the constant noise of tourists and enjoy hiking.

 

Venice Venice Venice
Venice Venice Venice

 

What to do in Venice  

  1. Boating - gondolas. Take an unforgettable trip on the Venice Boat "Gondola" with Venetian boatman "Gondoliera." It is really an exciting and romantic trip.
  2. Dinner at the cafe or restaurant. In Venice, there are many good cafes and restaurants that are popular with tourists. We recommend you a cup of coffee and ice cream in the Piazza San Marco.
  3. Visit Venice Carnival. It is held annually in late winter - starts 2 weeks before the Catholic Lent and ends in "Fat Tuesday." During the carnival you can see or buy the magnificent Venetian masks of any "color" and "taste".
  4. Take so many excursions and sightseeing tours as you can. There is always much to see and where to go in Venice. The city has many historical and art monuments. You will admire with the magnificent architecture of Venice.
  5. Do shopping. The best souvenirs from Venice are Venetian masks and articles of Muran glass.
  6. Beach vacation. In spite of the fact that Venice does not belong to the best beach cities, it has good beach resort "Lido", which is located on the island of Lido, between the Adriatic Sea and the Venice lagoon.

 

Venice Venice Venice
Venice Venice Venice

 

Cuisine of Venice

The Italian cuisine has deeply influenced the cuisine of Venice, but it has also its own features. There are many different products in the Venice’s markets, among which seafood is dominating.
The most Italian dishes consist of rice, fish, poultry and vegetables. The city of Venice prefers fatty food with different spices. Venetians are big lovers of tomato sauces.


To the traditional popular dishes of Venice belong:
1) "Risotto", which may differ significantly from each other, as it is made with the addition of a variety of foods: beans, other vegetables, fish, veal and poultry;
2) "Polenta", which is usually made of corn.
3) "Italian pasta", the dish which is popular in the whole Italy.
4) "Pasta e fagoli" - thick bean soup.
5) "Fegato alla Veneziana" - It is a special dish of Venice, which made from the liver, onions and anchovies.
6) For dessert you can take different fruits and cheese.
7) "Vin Santo" – a dessert italian wine
8) "Prosecco" - sparkling wine in restaurants, usually served with berries.

In the city center it is difficult to find a restaurant - usually they are located outside the city center, but you can have lunch in various cafes. In Piazza San Marco drink coffee and eat ice cream.
And in the area of "Quadri" and "Florian" you can drink coffee to the accompaniment of live music. Also here you can try the hot chocolate. In "Gran Caffe Lavena" you can not just drink coffee, but also to feel like participant of the carnival.
In the evening we recommend you to drink excellent Italian wine and "Fruits de mare", also tasty "Tiramisu" with a small cup of coffee.

 

Venice Venice Venice

 

What to buy in Venice

As well as in all developed tourist towns, in Venice you can buy various souvenirs. For example:

1) Color souvenirs and Murano glass.
2) Decorative lamps and chandeliers;
3) Carnival Venetian masks, which are created in the genre of Italian street comedy theater "Del Arte". The masks are of both good and evil characters: Harlequin, Pedrolino, Columbine (half-mask), Pulcinella, Brighella, Piero, Zanni, and classical, which usually not associated with the theater: Joker, Bauta, Ivory, Venice Queen, Dr. Plague Volta. It should be noted that the Venetian carnival masks are beautiful, elegant and stylish. You can buy them not only for the carnival, but also as a decoration to the interior of your apartment.
4) Lace of Buranovskie masters;
5) Jewelry of Italian masters;
6) Antiques.
7) Some Italian food: olive oil (Liguria), hard cheeses ("Asiago", "Pecorino" and "Cheese").

 

Keep in mind that the main shopping area in Venice is located in the shopping district Merch (Mercerie). This area starts from Piazza San Marco to the Rialto Bridge. If you decide to do a classic shopping (shoes, clothing) - it is recommended to visit to a suburb of Venice - Mestre. There you'll find the brand-new clothes from well-known Italian brands - such as: Armani, Prada, and Valentino. If you came to Italy for a serious shopping - there are special shopping trips to Milan from Venice.
But it is also possible to do shopping in the center of the city. Here you can find many boutiques and small shops which have a big choice of shoes and bags.
There is a five-story department store "Coin" near the Rialto Bridge. There you can buy a lot of things.
Gold and jewelry can be found in many boutiques on the Rialto Bridge.
If you are interested in the food stores - it is recommended to visit the numerous markets of Venice and also Garibaldi Street in Castello, where the food prices are much cheaper than in the center of the city, and the quality is higher.

 

Venice Venice Venice

 

Interesting facts about Venice

  1. In the middle Ages, Venice was the largest seaport in Europe. The city was considered as a "trade connection" - between Europe, Asia and Africa.
  2. Venice - is not only a well-known city, in the Middle Ages it was the autonomous state- the Republic of Venice with the same named capital. It was one of the strongest states in Europe of that time.
  3. The world's first factory of vessels was opened in the Republic of Venice in 1104AD. It was called "Arsenal". It worked very productively for that time. Every day, it produced one ship.
  4. Venice is on the same latitude with the Crimea and the Krasnodar Region;
  5. Venice consists of two parts - the mainland "Mestre" (industrial and port area) and cultural and historical part on the islands (the main central part of Venice).
  6. Venice – is not only the city but also the province, where the Venice city is the administrative centre.
  7. In Venice, there are about 150 channels extending between 118 islands and connected with about 409 bridges;
  8. Houses and some buildings are made of Russian larch, which is known for not being damaged by prolonged immersion;
  9. The city of Venice is slowly sinking into the Adriatic Sea water. Over the past century, it sank to 23 cm, but earlier this city submerged under water more quickly. In the 20th century the extraction of water from artesian wells was built, which made the soil more unstable. Now the fence is prohibited - the process of diving has been slowed, but not stopped. The buildings, ships and global warming have been impacting to the submerging process. Scientists suggest that Venice can immerse in the water in 2028. In 2003 the program "Moses" for saving Venice and prevent its diving was opened. Some experts believe that this program can significantly decrease the submerging process.
  10. The biggest and most wide channel in Venice - is the Grand Сhannel, the length of which is 2 km., And the depth is  more than 4 m It divides the city of Venice into 2 parts;
  11. In order to protect the historic buildings in Venice, there is a speed limitation for boats. For example, in the largest channel it is prohibited to drive faster than 7 km / h and for the public transport - more than 11 km / h In the narrow channels it is forbidden to go faster than 5 km / h, and in the Gulf of Venice outside the city's canal system –faster than 20 km/h.
  12. Traditional Boat of Venice is "Gondola", which is operated with one man who rows with one oar in the back of the boat. The length of this boat is about 11 meters, and the width - 1.42 meters. The price of this boat can reach 25,000 euros.
  13. The same amount of gondoliers (425) constantly works in Venice. Its number never changes;
  14. Official price of gondola ride is 90 euros for 30 - 45 minutes. It is not a price for one person it is price for a boat.  The boat can not place more than 6 passengers.
  15. You can see the competition in gondolas from April to September on the Venetian lagoon. Mostly all gondoliers take part in this competition;
  16. There is no sewer system in the city. All wastes are washed away into the channels. So, there are only 20 plumbers for the whole city;
  17. The indigenous population of the large city is only about 270,000 people, which is very little for the modern big city. Most of the people who are in Venice - are tourists. Despite the huge increase in population in the world in the 20th century, the Venice's population is growing slowly: for example, 50 years ago, the population was about 200,000;
  18. The crime rate in Venice is one of the lowest in the world;
  19. You can feed pigeons only in Piazza San Marco - in all other places it is strictly prohibited.
  20. Four bronze horses which decorate the Venice St. Mark's Basilica, were taken by the Crusaders from Istanbul (the former city of Constantinople) in the XIII century AD;
  21. In Venice, people need license to sale seeds. The local people can also inherit this license.
  22. Venice is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Italy. Venice annually attracts over 15000000 tourists.
  23. On many historic buildings in Venice you can see the symbol of St. Mark in the form of a lion, which is holding a book. If the book is closed – it means that this building was built during the war, and if it is opens - during peacetime.
  24. Such famous people as Casanova Giacomo, the composer Antonio Vivaldi, and the well-known explorer Marco Polo were born in Venica.

 

Conclusions about Venice

Venice is one of the most romantic cities in the world. In this sense it can easily compete even with Paris. Venice - is not only a romantic city, divided by numerous canals and bridges, it is also a wonderful city with its unique history and culture.
Venice - is not only the city, it was an autonomous state - the Republic of Venice with the same named capital. Venice joined Italy only in 1866 (IXX century).
You can admire the High art of the city (sculptors and paintings by world famous artists) not only in museums and galleries, but also in the interior of its buildings. There are so many beautiful places and buildings in Venice that they can not be described in one article. It is better once to see than 100 times to read.

Venice Venice Venice
Venice Venice Venice



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