Croatia

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Croatia

Official name: "Republic of Croatia";

Сapital of Croatia: Zagreb;

Area of Croatia: 56.6 thousand square kilometers;

Geographical position: South – East of Europe;

Climate: moderately continental and Mediterranean;

Population: 4.8 million persons;

The biggest cities: Zagreb, Split, Rijeka, Osijek;

Ethnic groups: Croats - 80%, Serbs - 12%;

Official language of Croatia: Croatian;

Religion in Croatia: Roman Catholics;

Currency of Croatia: Kuna ((HRK, code 191) 1 USD = 9 kun);

Internet domain: .hr;

Telephone code: +385;

Local Time: UTC +1, summer - UTC +2.

 


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Croatia

Flag of Croatia 

Croatia

Map of Croatia

Croatia

Coat of arms of Croatia

 

Information about Croatia

Croatia is the country of crystal-clear water and unique nature. Croatia is considered the most environmentally friendly country in Europe and its beaches has been receiving the "Blue Flag" for the cleanest water of the Mediterranean coast during several years. Croatia has rich history and cultural heritage. A huge number of museums, medieval castles and churches listed as a World Cultural Heritage Site by UNESCO. 

 

Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

The geographical position of Croatia

Croatia is located in south-eastern Europe, in the North of the Balkan Peninsula. Most of its territory is located on the mainland, the north - on the Istrian peninsula. The republic has more than 1,000 islands (the largest of them are Krk, Cres, Pag, Hvar, Brac). Croatia borders with Slovenia in the North, with Montenegro in the South, Hungary and Serbia in the East, Bosnia and Herzegovina in the south-east. It is washed by the Adriatic Sea in the West. The relief of the country is very diverse - from mountains and forest to the rocky coast. The eastern part of Croatia is a hilly plain, Dinaric Alps is located in the centre and in the West. The coast has numerous caves with picturesque islands. The highest point in the country is Tsintsar peak (2.085 m.). Croatia is famous for its clean and picturesque lakes. The largest lake - Vransko (30.7 sq. km.), it is located not far from Belgrade. Plitvice lakes are very unique and popular among tourists - a cascade of 16 lakes on the river Korana, which are connected by 92 waterfalls. 

Photos of Croatia

Croatia Croatia Croatia
Croatia Croatia Croatia

The climate of Croatia

Croatia is situated in the zone of moderate-continental climate characterized by warm summers and very cold winters. On the coast the climate is Mediterranean. The annual average temperature is about 18 C. The tourist season lasts from June to September. At this time the water warms up to 27C and the air up to 30C.

 

Flora and fauna of Croatia

Flora of Croatia is characterized by its diversity of plants from subtropical in the southern part of Dalmatia to the mixed forests in mountainous areas. 4300 species of plants (about 800 of them are unique) are registered on the territory of the country. In the coastal areas and islands there is subtropical vegetation, olive trees and vineyards are much cultivated here. Forests of maples and oaks are spreading in the foothill area, and beech-fir and spruce forests are dominated in mountains. Steppe and forest-steppe vegetation is typical for lowlands.


The fauna is not very diverse. In the mountains you can find forest cat, brown bear, marten, deer, wolves, lynx, hares, foxes, badgers and roe deer. On the coast there are many lizards, snakes and turtles. You can see many birds: eagles, hawks, falcons, partridges, grouse, storks and a variety of waterfowl species. In the area of the lake Kopachevo there is the largest ornithological reserve in Europe - "Kopacki Rit". Coastal waters of the Adriatic Sea are full of fish, sometimes you can find the monk seal and otter.


Croatia Croatia Croatia
Croatia Croatia Croatia
Croatia Croatia Croatia
Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

History of Croatia  

It is said that that the territory of modern Croatia was populated in the 6th century BC . During the migration of peoples in the 7th century, the coastal area was inhabited by Slavs and later Croats. Croats adopted Christianity, and invaded the Roman province of Pannonia, Dalmatia and Istria. Croatian state flourished during the reign of Tomislav (910-928). He successfully repelled attacks of the Hungarians and defeated Bulgarians. Petar Kresimir united territory and created the new state - the Kingdom of Dalmatia and Croatia.
In 1102 the Hungarian king Koloman was the ruler of Croatia and Dalmatia, this period of time is characterized by feudal disunity. In 1260 - the territory was divided into Slavonia and Croatia, and Dalmatia was sold to Venice. In the 7th century, Turks began to threat Croatia, so the country was seeking protection in the Habsburg Empire; later Ferdinand of Habsburg became the King of Croatian. During the reign of Mary - Theresa Croatia lost its independence, which leads to the appearance of illiricheskit movement in the 30 - ies. In 1867, due to the establishment of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Croatia and Slavonia were divided between the two empires. In 1918 - Croatian assemble announced the establishment of the State of Slovenes, Croats, Serbia and Montenegro, with its capital in Belgrade. The Communist Party of Yugoslavia won in elections. In 1937 Joseph Broz Tito was a leader of the state. In April 1941, Hitler invaded Yugoslavia, and in 1945 it became one of the six Yugoslav republics. The Constitution of the sovereign Republic of Croatia was adopted in 1990, and the country received independence in 1992.
Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

Where to go and what to see in Croatia
  1. Zagreb - the capital of Croatia and one of the most beautiful cities in Europe with lots of parks, museums and galleries. The city was established in the 11th century as a result of the merger Kaptol and Gradec. Modern Zagreb is divided into Upper (old part of town) and Downtown (the modern part of town). The city gate, the tower of Lotrshchak (which offers a beautiful view of the city), the Cathedral, Gallery Shtrossmayer, Mirogoy Cemetery, Maksimirsky park, Botanical Garden, Museum of Mimar, the Churches of St. Mark and St. Catherine, Gallery of Modern art, picturesque market Dolach, Comedy Theatre belong to the most visited sites of the city...
  2. Istria (Istria Riviera) - one of the most famous resort areas of the Adriatic. The medieval town of Rovinj, surrounded by 22 beautiful islands and known as a center of beach holidays is a pearl of peninsula. Baroque Cathedral of St. Eufimi, Franciscan monastery, National History Museum, the Castle of Baron Hyutterodta and gates of the old town St. Benedict are worth visiting. 
  3. Poreč is the cradle of early Christianity. Old Town is proud of its landmarks - the ruins of the Roman churches, the Cathedral Efrazian, Byzantine mosaics, museum and the Great Temple of Neptune.
  4. Poole - one of the best resorts in Europe, with beautiful beaches and picturesque bays. The city has many sites - the ruins of Roman buildings, the Old Town Hall, the Byzantine mausoleum, Franciscan Church, Venetian fortress and archaeological museum of garden sculpture. 
  5. Rijeka - the largest port and an important business, commercial and industrial center. We recommend you to visit the colorful markets, churches of Ascension, St Guido, St Jeremiah, the Maritime Museum and the Castle Trsat. 
  6. Opatija - one of the most exclusive tourist destinations in Croatia. It has wonderful conditions for vip tourism.
  7. The island of Krk - Croatia's largest island. Dense forests, vineyards and olive plantations as well as sandy beaches and clean sea attract many tourists. It is a perfect place for family holidays. The island has many houses built in the Venetian style, the residence of the Dukes and the ancient church.
  8. Island of Pag - The "moon landscape" gives uniqueness to the island. The island is famous for its laces, feta cheese and olive oil.
  9. Island of Rab - a seaside resort and the center of beach tourism. The island is surrounded by stone beaches in the West, wrenches – in the East, and sandy - in the North.
  10. Dalmatia - the most pristine beaches are located on its territory, but you should remember that there are no sandy beaches there; the beaches are either rocky or slab-pontoon. Get special slippers from sea urchins.
  11. Split - Solin - Trogir – three cities are located within 30 km of each other and   listed to theWorld Heritage Sites.  Split is the second largest city in Croatia and the center of Dalmatia. The main attraction of it is 1,700 year old fortress of the Palace of Diocletian. Also we recommend you to visit the Peristal Square, the Cathedral, the Temple of Jupiter, and the Venetian tower. Solin (ancient Salon) - the former capital of the Roman province. Kaplyuk basilicas, public baths, and Caesar’s gate and amphitheatre are worth seeing. Trogir is famous for stone carvings and ancient architecture. Tragir with lots of towers and bell towers reminds a palace at the water.
  12. Island of Brac - dense pine forests, vineyards and olive groves, picturesque caves and wonderful beaches provide excellent conditions for summer recreation. The most famous monument of the island is Glagolitic stone "Desert Blantsa" and Drahonina cave with carved stone relief. The island has developed tourist infrastructure.
  13. Island of Hvar - the longest and the sunniest island of Adriatic. It is an island of grapes, olives, lavender and numerous springs. The island has the oldest theater in Europe. Fortress, the ruins of the Princely Palace, Archeological Museum, the House of Paladin, a Franciscan monastery with a collection of Venetian painting and Venetian Fortress are among other sites. The mild climate, picturesque coves, subtropical vegetation and the beautiful sea make the island a great place for recreation and entertainment. Go to Vrbske and visit the museum and the old fisherman's village with stone houses, connected with each other by picturesque old bridges.
  14. Island of Korcula - island boasts of pristine beaches, rich marine life, pine trees and tropical vegetation. Most of the attractions are located at the Cathedral Square - the Gothic Cathedral of St. Mark, the Bishop's Palace, the Museum of Icons, Church of All Saints, and the house of Marco Polo. 
  15. Island of Mljet - 72% of the island is covered with forests. The island has National Park with two salt lakes. The main attraction is the island of St Mary on the Great Lake Yezero - an island on the island - a rare phenomenon. Also visit the ancient Christian basilica of the Roman and the cave of Odysseus.
  16. Dubrovnik - an ancient city in the southern Adriatic listed as a "World treasure by UNESCO". Sightseeing tour is recommended to start with the Pile Gate and powerful walls. In the fortress tower, visit the Maritime Museum and Aquarium. To the right of the gate you will see a fountain Onofrio and French monastery with one of the oldest pharmacy in Europe. Nearby you can see the church of St. Vlach, the palace Sponza, the convent and the Gothic palace of the Rector. The main attraction is Dubrovika Dominican Monastery with  magnificent portal, museum and beautiful courtyard.
  17. Plitvice Lakes (Plitvicka jezera) - Nature Park, a cascade of 16 lakes and 92 waterfalls belongs to the UNESCO World Heritage List. The dense pine forest is home to over 120 species of birds and various animals, including wolves, deer and mouflon. You will be impressed by the huge water system with high waterfalls, caves and passages. In the reserve you can take free shuttle buses and boats. Entrance ticket is 110 kuna (55 children).
  18. Park Krka - Krka National Park is not less beautiful than  Plitvice Lakes. The park covers an area of the river Krka and its area is 111 square kilometers The Park is full of picturesque lakes and seven waterfalls. The park has about 860 species of plants and more than 222 species of birds. 18 species of fish live in the river and lakes. A walk on wooden bridges along the waterfalls, rapids and lakes will be unforgettable. There is unique lake between Roshskim waterfall and whirlpool Skradinski, it has a length of 13 km and the island Visovats with the Franciscan monastery is located in the centre of it. The park has two entrances. One - the top, near Roscoe, and the second is lower in Skradin. In the ethnographic village you can learn the traditions and way of life of local residents. In the park there are the ruins of medieval castles starohorvatskih: Troshen - hrad, Nechven - hail, Bogochin - hradl and clavicle, and you can see the Franciscan church and monastery of Krka. The ticket price is 95 kuna (adult) and 70 kunas (for children).
  19. Biokovo National Park - the mountain park with the highest point - the top of St. George (1762 m). The mountain chain has about 16 peaks; each of them offers breathtaking view. The forests of the mountains are inhabited by rare species of animals and birds. Tourists also enjoy visiting the botanical garden. Climate and air of reserve has healing properties, a large number of health centers are concentrated at the foot of the mountains. Entrance to the park costs 40 kuna.
  20. Colored mountain Imotskie lakes consist of two lakes - Blue Lake (Modro jezero) has bright blue water. Swimming in the lake has a healing effect. Red Lake (Crveno jezero) - has an observation tower.
  21. Caves Vranyacha - lies 24 km away of Split at the foot of the mountain Mosor. The total length of the cave is 360 meters. In the cave there are weaving fanciful stalagmites and stalactites, creating strange shapes and sculptures.

Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

What to do in Croatia

  • Beach Holidays
    Croatia is one of the cleanest countries in the Europe, and its beaches have been receiving the "blue flag" for clean coastal water for several years. The mild climate, turquoise water, shady pine trees, green islands, and rocky beaches provide excellent conditions for summer recreation. But keep in mind that it is difficult to find sandy beaches in Croatia and there are many urchins in sea, so you need to buy special water shoes. In the northern coast the beaches are mostly rocky, and in the South - small pebble beaches. The country has three main resort areas: Pula - Istria, Split - Middle Dalmatia, Dubrovnik - Southern Dalmatia.

  • Diving - clear water and rich underwater world attracts experienced and amateur divers. Istrian Peninsula, the island of Cres and Dubrovnik are good sites for exploring sunken ships and the island of Kornati and Elafiti - perfect places for watching the underwater world.

  • Tours - Croatia has interesting and rich history. There are many medieval castles on the territory of the country .The castle of Bogenshperk near Lithium, an old Fridrihshteyna castle, the majestic Castle Turyaksky are among the most popular tourist attractions. Also, you will be charmed with natural attractions, we strongly recommend you to visit Plitvice Lakes or National Park Krka.

  • Health and Beauty Tourism - Since Croatia is the most environmentally friendly country in Europe, no wonder that so many health centers are concentrated on its territory. In the north-east of the country there are many hot springs which help in treatment of musculoskeletal system, rheumatism, cardiac and neurological disease. In the town of Ivanic Grad there is unique centre "Naphthalene", which uses oil for the treatment of skin, blood vessels, bone and muscle tissue. The gynecological disorders and infertility are successfully treated in Daruvarskoy Toplice. Thermal springs have mineral calcium-sodium-hydrogen sulfide and sulfuric water. It is one of the oldest resorts in the country, it is about 2,300 years old and the ancient Romans were treated there.

Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

Cuisine of Croatia 


 

Croatian cuisine is very tasty and healthful. Italian cuisine had a big influence on it. The compositions of the most dishes include roasted meats and vegetables. On the coast, you will appreciate the wide variety  fresh seafood. The commonly used spices are garlic, basil, pepper and parsley, bay leaf and onion. Cheese is often used in cooking.

We recommend you to try Dalmatian prosciutto (cured meat), feta cheese, cheshnovki (sausages), roast lamb or veal. One of the unusual dishes is lamb from the island of Cres, which is due to the salt-grass pasture has a delicate, slightly salty flavor. Croatia is famous for its high quality cheeses, most of which are manufactured on the island of Pag. For dessert, you can take fresh or candied fruits, figs, almonds, raisins and honey. Also take a nut or poppy seed cake, puff pastry with cream cheese, or different kinds of fruit.

 

Croatia Croatia Croatia
Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

What to buy in Croatia

  • silk neckties for men (ties were invented in Croatia and there is a good choice of them here);
  • "Morchmsh" -  brooches and pendants in the form of the head negro;
  • Handmade embroidery (shawls, carpets, tapestries);
  • ceramics;
  • sea salt in beautiful jars with various aromatic additives;
  • Decorative candles (sellers make them in the street at your eyes);
  • lavender and dried herbs;
  • Croatia is famous for its high quality cheeses that are aged in olive oil;
  • local liquors and liqueurs;
  • Croatian chocolate with chilli  and dried figs;
Croatia Croatia Croatia
Croatia Croatia Croatia

 

Interesting facts about Croatia

  • The first public theater in Europe was opened in the town of Hvar in 1612 ;
  • Carnival in Rijeka is one of the most exciting carnivals in Europe;;
  • Dalmatian dog breed took its name from the Croatian region of Dalmatia-Bol is the most popular resort on the island of Brac. The  Golden Cape beach is famous for the changing its shape depending on the wind and currents;
  • The ties were invented  in Croatia, not in France. During the war, the French were very pleased with the way the Croats tied a handkerchief around the necks and they asked them - what it was And the Croats, thinking that they asked them about who they were, answered, "Horvath!". Cravate ;
  • Croatia has the purest drinking water in Europe and it manufactures the purest salt;
  • The chapel, which is located in Trogir, has 150 sculptures on its walls;
  • On the first of April in the Croatian town of Ludbreg you can drink wine from the city fountain;;
  • City of Zadar is interesting for tourists  because the first naval authorities, which can produce sounds only under the influence of sea waves and wind noise is located here.

 

Conclusions

Croatia is a beautiful country, which is one of the cleanest places on the planet. Picturesque country where you can enjoy both the Mediterranean and the Alps. Tourists are attracted by the beautiful coast of the Adriatic Sea, picturesque coves, numerous islands and clean sandy beaches (many of them have been taking "Blue Flag" for clean costal water for many years). Also the lovers of history will enjoy a large number of historical monuments and medieval castles. Thermal springs will not only relax, but also significantly improve your health. Tourist infrastructure is well-developed in Croatia, and service level goes with European standards. The medieval Zagreb, Istria is famous for its resorts. Glorious Christian Porec, ancient Pula, stunning resorts of Dubrovnik, Korcula and the Makarska Riviera, Plitvice Lakes National Park and the island of Brijuni will give you an unforgettable experience.

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