Vietnam

Category: Resorts » International » Asia | Author: biker | Views: 3817 | 25-12-2011, 18:20
Vietnam

Official name: "The Socialist Republic of Vietnam";

Capital of Vietnam: Hanoi;

Area of Vietnam: 332 thousand kilometers;

Geographical location: South-East Asia, the Eastern part of Indochina;

Climate of Vietnam: tropical and subtropical;

Population of Vietnam: 74 million people;

The biggest cities of Vietnam: Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi;

Ethnic groups of Vietnam: 86.2% Viet, 1.9% - Tay, 1.7% - Thai, 1.5% - Muong and 8.7% other nationalities;

Language: Vietnamese (English, French and Chinese are also spoken);

Religion: 55% Buddhist, 7% Roman Catholic, Muslims and Confucianism;

Currency: Vietnamese Dong (VND) (1 USD = 15,000 VND);

Internet domain of Vietnam: .vn;

Phone code of Vietnam: +84; 

Timezone: UTC +7.

 

 

Hotels of Vietnam Hotels of Vietnam   Tours to Vietnam Tours to Vietnam    Resort cities of Vietnam Resort cities of Vietnam

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Vietnam

Flag of Vietnam 

Vietnam

Map of Vietnam 

Vietnam

Coat of arms of Vietnam 

 

Information about Vietnam

Vietnam is a new but rapidly developing direction in the tourism. Vietnam attracts tourists with its pristine beaches, uninhabited islands,  original local cuisine, beautiful tropical forests, fast rivers and beautiful waterfalls. Vietnam is proud of its natural landscape and cultural heritage. Prices for tourists are not big and quality is high  The country can offer a big choice of entertainment to all tastes from the most exotic, like riding an elephant or visiting crocodile reserves to the usual, such as disco and fishing.

 

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

Geographical location and topography of Vietnam 

Vietnam is located in Southeast Asia, the Eastern part of Indochina. The country borders with Laos and Cambodia in the West and China in the North. It is washed by the South China Sea in the East and South. The most of the territory is covered by mountains. In the North there is the ridge Hoanglenshon and upland "Yunnan" with the highest point - Fanshipan (3143 meters),  the mountains "Chyongshon" are located along the western border, plateau "Kontum" - in the southern part. The plain of the Mekong River lies in the South. Also a big number of islands and two archipelagoso Hoangsha and Chyungsha are included to Vietnam.

 

Vietnam

 

Photos of Vietnam  

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

Climate of Vietnam 

Vietnam has tropical climate in the South and subtropical in the North. Year can be divided into two seasons - the rainy season and dry season. It is interesting that each area has its own season calendar. That is why you can have great holidays in Vietnam at any time of year, you only need to choose the right time and place.
In the South of Vietnam (Saigon, Mui Ne, Phan Thiet) the rainy season lasts from May to November. So it is better to go there from December to April.
On the central coast (in Hoi An and Da Nang), vise versa, from May to October it is dry and sunny. In September - November can be hurricanes.
In the North (Hanoi, Ha - Long and Sapa) the best time to holiday is a period from May to October.
It is quite cold in the mountainous areas, Dalat, Buon Ma and Fuot. In winter (October to March) temperatures can drop to 4, and in summer not more than 26. The hottest months in this area are March and April.
The season of falling prices throughout the territory of Vietnam is the period from May to September. Discounts at hotels can be up to 30%.

 

Flora and fauna of Vietnam 

The tropical climate of Vietnam contributes to the diversity of flora and fauna. Tropical and subtropical forests take about third of its territory. Pine, bamboo and many vines can be found in mixed forests. Mangroves are spread in the deltas of rivers. The country is inhabited by 170 species of mammals, 970 species of birds, 270 species of reptiles and more than 1000 species of marine and freshwater fish. Panthers, leopards, tigers, many species of monkeys, Lizards and rhinos live in tropical forests. There are also a lot of snakes (boas, cobras, and so on) there. Savannas are inhabited by elephants, deer, buffalo and wild boar. There are flamingos, storks, pelicans and herons in the deltas of rivers.


Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

History of Vietnam 

Historians say that the first settlements on the territory of Vietnam appeared in the 2nd century BC. The first great dynasty of Vietnam was the Ly dynasty, which had been ruling for two centuries, beginning from the 11th century. From the first to sixth centuries BC the southern part of modern Vietnam was a part of the Indian Empire Fuanan, some of the remarkable monuments have survived till our days. In the 2nd century the territory was invaded by China. The era of Chinese rule is characterized by constant uprisings and unrest. In 938, Ngo Quyen defeated the Chinese army and put an end to Chinese rule. In 1858, the country was occupied by the French and Spanish troops. In 1867, France attacked   and as a result South Vietnam became its colony. After the World War II communist movement led by Ho Chi Minh took significant part in political life of the country. In 1945 the declaration of independence of Vietnam was adopted and the country was renamed into Democratic Republic of Vietnam with the capital Ho Chi Minh City. According to the Geneva Conference of 1954, Vietnam was divided into two zones: the North and South Vietnam. The northern part was called DRV (Democratic Republic of Vietnam), the south part was the pro-American Republic of Vietnam. From 1964 - 1973 there was a war between the North and South Vietnam, but rather between the DRV and the U.S. After signing the Paris Peace Agreement in 1973, the U.S. withdrew its troops. This meant that the war was over with the victory of the DRV and two states were joined into the - Social Republic of Vietnam.


Culture of Vietnam 

Four great philosophies and religions: Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism and Christianity have been playing an important role in the development of spirituality and culture of the country during many centuries. Intertwining of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, as well as some popular Chinese beliefs have formed a new religion Jiao (tripartite religion). To the developed forms of art belong: traditional painting on silk, Drama Theater, puppetry, music and dances, religious sculpture, lacquer miniatures and ceramics.
It is recommended to wear long trousers and shirts with long sleeves in some temples, pagodas, Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum and the royal palaces.
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

Where to go in Vietnam
1) Hanoi is Vietnam’s capital and the center of its political and administrative life. The city combines oriental flavor with Western influence.
- Temple of Literature is one of the oldest monuments of Vietnam. The complex consists of the Temple of Literature, built in honor of Confucius and the buildings of the First Vietnamese University.
- Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum is one of the most important buildings of Vietnam; here you can see the embalmed body of the Communist Party leader and the first president of the DRV Ho Chi Minh. Terrace of the building is used as a platform for important political events.
- "One Pillar Pagoda" - its real name is Hugh Zen Pagoda, which is translated as - happiness and success for many years. It was built by Emperor Li Tai Tong in honor of the goddess Kuan Eng. In such way he thanked her for giving him a son. According to legend, the emperor had not had children, he constantly came to this place to pray and later the son was given to him.
- West Lake and Lake Tuke Buck are very beautiful lakes. West Lake is the largest lake in the city. In the past it was a resting place for the emperors and mandarins, on the shore you can see many pagodas and palaces
- The Old Quarter - walk around the cozy streets and admire the old houses. In the past it was a big trading city. And now here you can buy souvenirs at low prices.
- Sword Lake (Hoan Kiem Lake)
The lake that keeps the legend about national hero Le Loi. According to the legend, the hero helped the turtle and it gave him a magic sword with which he won the war. After the war, Le Loi returned sword to the turtle, hence the name of the lake. The Legend tells, that when the country is again in danger, a new hero will get the sword. In the lake there are two small islands, people believe that it's head and torso of the tortoise. It is highly recommended to watch the water puppet show, which is played around the lake. The show has originated from the 11th century. The scene is illuminated by candles and torches, which gives the show a mysterious atmosphere. Also here you can listen to the Vietnamese national music.

2) Halong.
- Caves.
Because of the rocky shores of Halong Bay, it has many caves, which are associated with several legends. Most famous are the Grotto Drum, Grotto Dau Go, Sail, Lovers, The Dragon and the Heavenly Palace.
- Cat Ba is the largest island in the bay. In 1986 - half of its territory was declared as a national park. The island has many scenic lakes, waterfalls, caves and limestone hills. In the coastal waters live 200 species of fish, 500 species of clams and 400 of arthropods. Also here you can see seals and dolphins.
 
3) Hue is the ancient capital of Vietnam, which has beautiful scenery and numerous ancient monuments.
- Royal Fortress (Citadel) and the Royal Palace.
The richest ornaments, interior, lush gardens make the palace a masterpiece of architectural art
- Thien Mu Pagoda (Heavenly woman).
The pagoda is situated on the banks of the Fragrant river t. Legend tells that many centuries ago, a sitting on a hill woman had pointed to this place and said that it was a sacred , and after these words she vanished into the air. At this place Pagoda was built.
- The tombs of kings Minh Mang (1820-1840), Tu Duc (1843 -1883) and Hai Dinh (1916-1925).

4) Danang - Central Vietnam city, famous for its museum tyamsky culture. In the South there is s Khaiwan and Marble Mountains. The ancient city of Haya is located 30 km from the city. At 75 km, visit Cham temple complex Michon, located right in the middle of the jungle and decorated with sculptures of gods and demons.
- Cham Museum.
The museum was built in 1915 and has the best collection of Cham sculptures in the world.
- Marble Mountain.
- Hoi An.
The ancient city-museum. City is closed for cars and has a big concentration of palaces and pagodas. Stroll through the narrow streets and admire the ancient houses built in the Chinese architectural style.
- The market of Hoi An.
Here you will find a large assortment of seafood.

6) Ho Chi Minh City - the shady avenues and streets with low, built in colonial style houses give   the unique atmosphere to the city.
- Reunification Palace.
The historical and cultural relic of the country. It is a silent witness of many political fights and changes.
- Jacques Vien Pagoda.
You can see here 150 statues and engravings from 19 - 20 centuries.
- Cathedral of Notre Dame.
- Chinatown and the largest market Thai Binh.
- Tunnels Cu Chi.
Center and base of partisan army.
Underground passages tunnel is 200 km long and includes underground shelters, sleeping and meetings cameras, hospitals, etc.
- Mekong Delta.
It is also called the rice bowl of Vietnam, because more than half of  rice is grown here. Mekong and its canals form the thickest in the world hydrographic network. In this region people use boats for transportation.

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

What to do in Vietnam 1) Beach vacation.
Vietnam beaches are known for their clean blue water, yellow sand and coconut trees. The most popular resort places are Danang, Phan Thiet, Nha Trang, Phu Quoc Island and Vangtau .
2) Diving.
Scuba diving in Vietnam is one of the best and cheapest in the world. South China Sea has amazing coral reefs with exotic species of fish. You can dive all year round, but from December to February the sea is very rough. The best places for diving are Nha Trang, Da Nang, Hoi An, Cana and the island of Phu Quoc and Weill.
3) The Kite and Windsurfing.
If you want to take this extreme sport so go to the beach area Mui  Nhe(22 km from Phan Thiet, and 200 from Ho Chi Minh City). Strong wind blows here every day. Peak season falls on the period from November to May.
4) Excursions.
Vietnam is rich in cultural and natural monuments. To see the cultural and architectural monuments, visit Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hue, Hoi An, Dalat. Among the natural attractions we recommend you to watch Halong Bay, the island of Phu Quoc and the Mekong Delta. Also there are a large number of natural parks in Vietnam.
 

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

Vietnamese cuisine

 

Vietnamese cuisine is very diverse, tasty and healthy. The main ingredient in Vietnamese cuisine is rice, richly flavored with vegetables, fish, meat, spices and sauce. Buns, noodles and various soups (eel , vermicellii, chicken and bitter soup) are also very popular. 3,000 km of coastline has contributed to the popularity of seafood: crabs, shrimps, lobsters, squid, and hundreds varieties of fish. Fans of exotic cuisine can taste dishes of frogs, snakes, turtles, crocodiles, wood worms, monkey brains, bats and armadillo. For dessert, there is a very large selection of fruit from l oranges, tangerines and bananas to exotic breadfruit,  papaya and dragon eyes.

 

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam

 

It is useful to know

Price for food in Vietnam is very cheap. Dinner for one person will cost from 2.5 to 25 dollars. It is highly recommended to keep personal hygiene: to wash hands always before eating,  not to drink  water from the tap, and not to eat lots of fruits and vegetables on the first day.
In large cities you can find high level hotels, on beach resorts - hotels, bungalows and villas. Service is at a good level.
Housing costs:
Low level: 3 - $ 10;
Average level: 10 - $ 50;
High: more than $ 50;
If you live in public hotels and eat in small cafes, you'll need 20 to 25 dollars a day. Those who wish to stay in private mid-level hotels and to eat in expensive restaurants should count on spending about $ 65 per day.

 

What to buy in Vietnam 

- Local tincture on cobra or other snake. Snake is inside the bottle.
- Silver jewelry and tableware;
- Articles of natural silk, linen and cotton;
- Souvenirs from mahogany and bamboo;
- River Pearls at Ben Thanh market.

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
Vietnam  Vietnam Vietnam

 

Interesting Facts about Vietnam:

1) Vietnam is the second largest rice exporter in the world.
2) The Vietnamese New Year has not a constant date. It comes according to the lunar calendar Tet.
3) Gong calls Vietnamese students to schools.
4) The national sport of Vietnam is Takraw (Takrav). Roughly speaking, it is foot volleyball.
5) The United States recognized Vietnam as an independent country only in 1995 year.
6) A popular national costume of Vietnamese women is called Ao Dai.
7) More than 20 million Vietnamese use the bicycle for transportation.

 

Conclusions

Vietnam is a tropical country in Southeast Asia. It is also called as the "Terrace with view to the Pacific Ocean", as it has a 3,000 km coastline. Tourists are attracted by the beautiful mountain scenery, coffee and tea plantations, rice fields, golden beaches, jungle, bays, with thousands of uninhabited islands, many ancient temples and delicious cuisine. The cultural heritage lives side by side with the natural beauty. Despite the fact that tourism has been developing here not for a .long time, the country offers luxury service at reasonable prices. You can visit the country at any time of year, you only need to choose the right time and place within the country. It should be noted that diving in Vietnam is the cheapest in the world, and the underwater world of the South China Sea with its coral reefs, exotic fish and shells with pearls will give you an unforgettable adventure.

Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam
 Vietnam Vietnam Vietnam



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