Tunisia

Category: Resorts » International » Africa » Tunisia | Author: biker | Views: 5625 | 15-01-2012, 23:13
Tunisia

Official name: "The Republic of Tunisia";

Capital of Tunisia: Tunis;

Geographical Location: Nouthern Africa;

Area of Tunisia: 163 610 square kilometers;

Administrative divisions: 24 provinces (Wilaya);

Climate of Tunisia: Subtropical and Mediterranean;

The largest cities of Tunisia: Hammamet, Sousse, Mahdia, Sfax, Bizerte, Tabarka, Tozeur;

Population of Tunisia: 8 million persons;

Ethnic groups: 97% of Tunisian Arabs, Berbers 1.5% (indigenous people of the Sahara Desert), 1.5% others;

Language of Tunisia: Arabic (French as a Foreign Language);

Religion in Tunisia: Islam (Muslim - Sunni);

Currency of Tunisia: Tunisian Dinar (TND, code 143);

Internet domain of Tunisia: .tn;

Phone code of Tunisia: +216; 

Local time: UTC +1.

 

 

Hotels of Tunisia Hotels of Tunisia   Tours to Tunisia Tours to Tunisia    Resort cities of Tunisia Resort cities of Tunisia

Other places of rest in Tunisia Other places of rest in Tunisia    Stories of travelers about Tunisia Stories of travelers about Tunisia

 
 

 

Tunisia

Flag of Tunisia 

Tunisia

Map of Tunisia

Tunisia

Coat of arms of Tunisia 

 

Information about Tunisia

Tunisia is a wonderful country, the bright world of the East, where legend and reality, the noise of the modern cities and the peace of the ancient buildings are mixed together. Fantastic minarets, palaces, gardens, colorful bazaars give a special charm to the country. The favorable geographical position, good climate, wonderful hotels and service make the country very popular among tourists. In Tunisia, you can enjoy not only a great beach vacation, but also an exciting excursion program to architectural attractions and trip by jeep or camel to the largest Sahara Desert. There you will be able to see a kaleidoscope of salt desert and learn the culture of local tribes.

 

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

Geographical position of Tunisia 

Tunisia is located on the Mediterranean coast of North Africa. It is bordered with Algeria in the West and Libya in the South-East. Most of the country is occupied by plains. North Coast is rocky, East is flat and sandy. The Atlas Mountains are located in the North. The highest peak is Je-bel-Hamby (1544 meters). It is located near the border with Algeria. In the South the great   Sahara Desert starts. There are also two salt lakes (Schott), Chott el Jerid and Chott-el-Garza in the South.

 

Tunisia

 

Photos of Tunisia 

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

The climate of Tunisia 

The climate of Tunisia is subtropical, Mediterranean with hot dry summer (June - August) and mild winters (December - February). In August, temperatures can rise to 50 ° C. The best time to holiday: September - November, March - June.

 

Flora and fauna of Tunisia 

Dates, citrus, figs, bananas, tobacco and vegetables are grown in the southern oases. On the eastern coastal plains you can see the olive groves and small plantations of peaches, apricots, almonds and pomegranates. Oleander and hibiscus are spreading in the North and South of Tunisia. In the lowland areas of the central part grass alphas is grown. Alpha fibers are used to produce high-quality paper, which is exported. Cacti are very common in Tunisia. Many species of them are feed to camels and cows. The taste is something common between the melon and peach.
Among large animals, there are panthers, mountain sheep, and wild boar in the North of the country. Until the early 20th century the area had been inhabited by Berber lion. In semi-desert areas can be found: lynx caracal, wild cat, cheetah, jackal, hyena and fox-Fennec. Everywhere you can see many small rodents (mice and gerbils).

A variety of birds: geese, ducks, ibis, swans, egrets and even flamingos gather in large flocks near lakes. In desert and semi-desert regions there are many reptiles: lizards, monitor lizards and snakes (sand boas, cobras, horned viper and efy).
There are sardines, anchovies, mackerel, and tuna in the Mediterranean. In the Gulf of Gabes shrimps and sea sponges are caught for export.


Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

History of Tunisia 

Archaeological excavations show that even 200,000 years ago the country was inhabited by prehistoric communities. The official history of Tunisia begins with the Phoenicians (people who are mentioned in the Bible). In 814 BC they established the city of Carthage. In 146 BC Carthage, as a result of the Punic wars with Rome, was destroyed, and Tunisia became a part of the Roman Empire. Later, the territory of modern Tunisia was invaded by the Vandals and the Byzantines. The Arabs brought Islam to the country in the 17th century. Later they built the first Arab city in the north of Africa - Keyruan, which is the fourth holiest city for Muslims after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. In 1270 the Crusaders wanted to seize Tunis, but the attempt failed because of the plague. In 1574 - Tunisia was conquered by the Turks, and it became a part of the Ottoman Empire. In 1881 - France took control of Tunisia. After the World War II, Tunisia with its leader Habib Bourguiba began fighting for independence. On March 20, 1956 - Tunisia gained independence with President Habib Bourguiba.
The island of Djerba has amazing legend. According to it, this is the island of Ogygia, where the beautiful nymph Calypso had been keeping Odysseus for seven years, trying to get his love.

 

Where to go 
- Tunis is the capital of the  country. Tunis is the town where western civilization together witrh Arab African culture create special atmosphere. Numerous palaces, mausoleums, mosques, gardens, bustling narrow streets of the old town, the white domes of mosques, numerous skilled craftsmen and artisans shops give eastern charm to the town. The ancient center of Tunis Medina is very interesting place. Here you can see Jami mosque ez-Zeitun, a mausoleum Hasanidov Turbet El Bey and Hamouda Pasha Mosque. As well as numerous palaces. Visit the exotic perfume market - Souq el-Attrin, which was founded in the 13th century.
- Carthage - with its narrow streets, palm and eucalyptus trees, gardens, and red buds of hibiscus Carthage is considered to be one of the most beautiful cities of   Tunisia. The legendary city-state is so ancient  as Rome. Here you will find the remains of Roman temples, the Capitol, an amphitheater and baths.
- Nabeul (former Neapolis ) - a seaside resort and a traditional center of crafts. At the top of Cape Bon there is a small fishing village El-Hawari. Most of the ceramic workshops are focused on the street Sidi Barket (Rue Sidi Barket). The best place for shopping is the market Souk al-Juma (Suq el-Juma). Here you can buy pottery, hand embroidery and jewelry.
- Dougga is the city-monument of Roman culture of the II centre BC, located near the center of the country (2 hours south of Tunis), among the picturesque hills. The Center of the Archaeological Park is the Forum and Square of Winds. In ancient archeological museum there is Arch Alexander Severus, Forum with the Temple of Saturn, the sanctuary of Juno Celeste, Punic mausoleum, baths and a theater for 3500 viewers. There are 21 churches of different periods - from the Roman Temple of Minerva to the Church of Victoria, built in the era of vandal invasions in North Africa in Dougga.
- Hammamet (Arabic for "bathing place") - this is the resort centre of Tunisia. To the main sights belong the castle Medina, with the Grand Mosque of the 10th century and bazaars. In the city there is the best thalassotherapy centers Bio Azur. Mud baths, hydrotherapy and other treatments will help you to improve not only your health but also the appearance.
- El Kantaoui is an ancient port, now luxury resort. The diving center and a golf course with 27 holes are located there.
- Sousse is the first largest resort city of Tunis. It is famous for its nightlife, discos and casinos, as well as for its beautiful white sand beaches. Visit the tower, the minaret and the City Museum, where the entire history of the country is represented in mosaics. Collection of mosaics is one of the most beautiful in the world. Take a walk to the Muslim part of town, the streets, and stairs; visit the shops of the manufacturing and selling leather goods, copper, iron and wood. Admire the monuments of antiquity: the Phoenician tombs, Roman buildings, mosques, walls, and the 9th century catacombs dug by Christians.
- Monastir is another well-known Mediterranean resort. Here you will find plenty of hotels, resorts and the landscape with costal oases and sandy beaches with crystal blue water reminds mysterious fairy land. The Palace of Congresses is situated here; it is used both for business meetings and as a theater. There is the mausoleum and a mosque Bourguiba with an octagonal minaret  nearby.
- Djerba is the paradise island and the southernmost resort of Tunisia. There are beautiful white beaches with clear water and lush gardens, a maze of narrow streets and of course the local flavor, which attract more and more tourists. Visit the main attractions the Fort Borj el-Kebir ("big tower") and National History Museum, where you can see a collection of traditional island clothing, jewelry, pottery and wood carving. Fungus - the oldest synagogue, known throughout the Middle East, the center of international pilgrimage.
- City of Tozeur is a wonderful palm oasis, located between the two salt lakes. Visit the zoo. Guides will show you the horned viper, and, holding it by the tail happily report that the bite of this snake is deathdangerous . The landscape is so unusual that you can feel that you are on another planet. Not accidentally, that "Star Wars" was filmed here.

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

What to do in Tunis  1) Beach vacation.
North and East of Tunisia is washed by the Mediterranean Sea. Along the coast there are sandy beaches with crystal clear water. The most popular sea resorts are Hammamet, Sousse, Monastir and Mahdia.
2) Trips.
Tunisia has an ancient history, as a result, different cultures, languages and religions have been mixed together. In Tunisia, you can visit more than 200 historical sites from different eras. Among them - Carthage, El Jem amphitheater, a holy city for Muslims, Kairouan, the Roman city of Dougga, Turkish and Spanish forts and much more.
3) Thalassotherapy - spa and wellness treatments that use seawater, seaweed and marine mud. Thalassotherapy centers are located in the hotel resorts. By the number of Thalasso centers Tunisia ranks second behind France, but prices are much lower.
4) Cruise. Take a sail to the uninhabited island Kuriat, where you can swim, fish, to see how squid and octopus are caught with pitchers, you can also hunt  sea urchins.
5) Park Friguia.
There is Wildlife Park near the village Bouficha. 50 species of animals live at 36 hectares. During the walk you can ride a camel and take pictures on ostriches.
6) Safari. Safari to the Sahara Desert is highly recommended to the active tourists. There you will see mirages of "Lake of Death", the underground village of Troglodytes and traditional villages of Berbers (indigenous people of the desert). You will enjoy riding a camel on the dunes and the beautiful sunset in the Sahara.
 

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

Cuisine of Tunisia

 

By taste, the Tunisian cuisine is closer to European than to the Arab. To the main ingredients belong meat (beef, goat and poultry), beans, rice, plenty of fruits and vegetables. Many dishes of fish and seafood. Widely used spices, herbs and olive oil.  "Harissa" (sharp red pepper paste and olive oil, seasoned with parsley and garlic) is served almost to all dishes. Harissa is eaten with bread  dipped into it . There are two kinds of bread in Tunisia: pita and white bread. Bread is taken with hands. The most popular dish is the traditional "couscous" - made from grains of millet stewing with sauce and vegetables. Soups are also popular; there is even exotic soup of melon on the menu.

 

The list of the most popular dishes in Tunisia:
- Shorba - a soup with vegetables and beef.
- Tajin
- fried eggs with meat and cheese.
- Genaoyya
- meat stewed with chili peppers and cilantro.
- Broshet
- fried meat.
- Mashvi
- roasted lamb.
- Brand meat
, baked in tomato sauce.
- Merguz
- little smoked sausages.
- Meshuya
- salad with tuna, sardines, peppers and tomatoes.


For dessert take baklava or mahrud Asida, as well as cakes and pastries with almonds, pistachios, or dates. And a variety of fruits, including fruit of a cactus, which resemble the taste of both melon and peach.
The traditional drink - green tea with mint, brewed with almonds or pine nuts. Also, a lot of fruit juices. Of alcohol - Buch: vodka made from figs; Tibar - tincture on dates, as well as many kinds of local wine.

 

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

It is useful to know (the prices in Tunisia) 

Food in Tunisia:
Low level: $ 3 - $ 7;
Intermediate: $ 7 - $ 40;
High: more than $ 40;

 

Hotels:
Low: $ 7 - $ 15;
Average level: $ 15 - $ 55;
High: more than $ 55;

 

Tunisia is a cheap tourist country. For example, for $ 15 a day, you can get in a cheap hotel and eat at local restaurants. For $ 25 a day, tourists can stay in the hotels of the middle class; visit the restaurants, museums, and discos. With 40 dollars a day, you can live in good hotels, eat in good restaurants, as well as book tours and participate in recreational programs.
Walking along the Tunisian bazaars, do not forget that you are in a country with the eastern mentality, so keep the tradition and bargain before buying something.

 

What to buy in Tunisia

- Leather goods (handbags, sandals);
- Ceramic wares (dishes, bowls, vases, with a national ornament);
- Carpets - Tunisian carpets are famous, but they are expensive (small -  from 200 to $ 250, and the big $ 1000);
- Mint tea. The usual herbal tea bags. Inexpensive and incredibly tasty.
- Rose of the desert. Desert Rose is an unusual "flower" of sand and salt crystals, which resembles a rose only in outline.
- Local wine. The experience of French wine has not gone in vain - Tunisia can boast excellent quality wines. One of the best in terms of price and quality is "Magon".

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia

 

Interesting Facts about Tunisia

1) All palms in Tunisia are date palms! The best dates are considered - "fingers of light." Surprisingly, but you can not taste them in Tunis - they all go for export.
2) All camels in Tunisia - are one-humped and imported from Asia. Camels are expensive, about $ 1,200, but they do not recognize their owner and can escape into the wilderness.
3) Despite the fact that the Tunisians are Muslims, whom religion strictly forbids drinking alcohol, vodka is manufactured in Tunis, its name - "Buch."
4) Cacti are used as fences in rural households. Almost impossible to climb through such thorns!
5) In Tunisia people eat cactus fruit.
6) The word "sugar" is translated into Arabic as a desert.
7) Tunisia is a female name.
8) All Roofs are flat, so they have a smaller area and, consequently, less heat.
9) Kairouan (Tunis) is the fourth largest holy city for Muslims after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. Sevenfold pilgrimage to the holy city of Kairouan replaces the pilgrimage to Mecca!
11) One of the wonders of the desert - its flower "Rose Sahara" - a crystal of salt and sand. Rose is formed between the Sahara desert and salt marshes, "grows" in the sand at a depth of several meters and can reach a height of 2 - 3 meters.
12) Carthage is one of the greatest cities of antiquity. It can compete with Rome by its power.
13) Tunisian women have a tradition to paint their hands with henna.
14) The most beautiful building in the country are schools and hospitals, and the most prestigious jobs are teachers and doctors.
15) In Tunisia, there is a tradition: the groom gives white slippers to the bride before wedding.

 

Conclusions

Tunisia is an exotic and wonderful country in North Africa. In spite of the fact that Tunisia is a Muslim country, according to life style it is closer to the European countries (many centuries Tunisia was a French colony). Tunisia offers luxury hotels and unforgettable excursions at reasonable prices. Each tourist will find something good according to his taste, from a beach holiday and diving to thrilling desert safaris. Having interesting ancient history, which has caused the mixture of cultures, languages and religions, Tunisia offers many architectural and historical monuments for tourists. Among them - Carthage, El Jem amphitheater, a holy city for Muslims, Kairouan, the Roman city of Dougga, Turkish and Spanish forts and much more. Tunisia is not only famous for its ancient cities; it is also famous for international beach resorts - Sousse, Monastir, Hammamet, Mahdia and Djerba. These resorts are known for their beautiful beaches, comfortable and affordable hotels, and restaurants with international and national cuisine, thalassotherapy centres. During the season, various festivals and concerts are holding. For active tourists there are great centers of windsurfing, diving and snorkeling.

Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia
Tunisia Tunisia Tunisia



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