Tanzania

Category: Resorts » International » Africa | Author: biker | Views: 3761 | 24-07-2012, 23:04
Tanzania

Official name: "United Republic of Tanzania";

Сapital of Tanzania: Dodoma;

Area of Tanzania: 945,087 km²;

Geographical location of Tanzania: East Africa;

Climat of Tanzania: equatorial monsoon;

Population of Tanzania: 38.860 Million;

Large cities in Tanzania: Dar es Salaam, Zanzibar, Mwanza, Tanga;

Ethnic groups: More than 120 groups; Sukuma - 20%, Nyamvezi-20%, Haya, Ngonde, Chaga, Hehe, Gogo, Ha and so on;

Official languages : Swahili and English, as well as about 100 local dialects;

Religion: Muslims, Christians (Catholics) and Gentiles;

Tanzania Currency: Tanzanian shilling (code "TZS") (1 USD = 450 TZS);

Internet domain: .tz;

Telephone code: +255 (+007 if from Uganda and Kenya);

Local time:  +3.

 


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Tanzania

Flag of Tanzania

Tanzania

Map of Tanzania  

Tanzania

Coat of arms of Tanzania

 

General information about Tanzania

Tanzania is associated with snow-capped peaks of Kilimanjaro, national parks and wild animals, exotic birds and monkeys, deep sea fishing and, of course -  safari. Tanzania can offer perfect conditions for observing wildlife in their natural environment. All reserves and parks have a network of Lodge hotels with traditional African huts and camps. Tanzanian experience in organizing trips to nature reserves is the best in Africa. Many tourists from all over the world come here to watch the annual migration of one million cloven-hoofed animals, followed by predators. Tanzania has unique natural attraction - the highest mountain in Africa "Kilimanjaro" (5890 m). If you are brave enough to climb the Kilimanjaro you can choose from many routes of different levels. 

 

Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

Geography

Tanzania is located in East Africa. It has borders with Kenya and Uganda, in the South - with Mozambique, Malawi and Zambia, and in the West - with the Congo, Burundi and Rwanda. In the East it is washed by the Indian Ocean. Along the coast there is the coastal plain, but most of the country is located on plateau. Smaller mountains are located in the northeast and southwest. The highest peak is Mount Kilimanjaro ( 5890 meters). On the borders of Tanzania there are three largest lakes in Africa - Tanganyika, Victoria and Nyasa. The island of Zanzibar (the largest coral island off the coast of Africa) is also a part of Tanzania.

 

Tanzania

 

Photos of Tanzania 

Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

Climate of Tanzania

In general the climate is subequatorial. In coastal areas - tropical with an average annual temperature of 27C-, further inland - hot and dry. In the North there are two rainy seasons (March-May, September-November), in the South - November-April. It is not recommended to travel in the rainy season, as the roads are very blurred and sometimes insurmountable.

 

Flora and fauna of Tanzania

Approximately 30% of the territory is taken by dry deciduous forests - "Miombo", which are located in the central, southwestern and southeastern regions. Equatorial forests with prevalent mahogany and camphor laurel are dominated on the East African plateau. There is savanna and tropical steppe in the centre. On the coast there is park savanna, and at rivers - mangroves. Equatorial forests are home to many apes - gorillas, monkeys, chimpanzees and baboons. In the savannas you can watch antelope, zebras, elephants, hippos, rhinos, giraffes, lions and leopards. Many hippos and crocodiles live at rivers. On hills you can find ostriches, and near lakes - flamingos. Beware of snakes; the most dangerous are black mamba and the puff adder.


Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

History of Tanzania 

Modern United Republic of Tanzania was established in 1964 as a federation of two states: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. These two regions have different story.
In the eighteenth century Zanzibar was the base for Arab traders. Later, Zanzibar became an independent Muslim sultanate. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries it was under Portuguese influence, and in the fifteenth century, the sultans of Oman and Muscat ruled there. In the late nineteenth century, Zanzibar became a British protectorate, and in December 1963 got its independence.
Since ancient times, its territory was inhabited by peoples of mainland Tanzania, the Bushmen and Hottentots. They were hunters and gatherers. In the 1st millennium BC Cushitic tribes and then Bantu took the territory. In the middle of the first millennium AD Persian came and later Arab traders. As a result of convergence of Arab traders and the local population the new ethnic group – Swahili appeared, which were mainly sellers: exported ivory, gold and slaves, and imported fabrics and food.
In the middle of the19th century many European missionaries who preached Christianity and actively fought against slave trade arrived to the territory of Tanzania.
In 1886, Tanzania was ruled by Germany. The Germans wanted to turn Tanzania into a profitable plantation of coffee and tea, and therefore invested to the region large sums of money. In 1902 the railway construction started.
During the First World War Tanzania was involved to the military operations in eastern Africa, and after the defeat of Germany became the colony of Great Britain. The British continued developing of the plantation economy.
In December 1961 Tanganyika got its independence, and in 1964 Zanzibar joined the Taganika republic.
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

Culture of Tanzania 

Culture of Tanzania has a long tradition. The most ancient monuments of art: rock paintings, belonging to the Paleolithic and Neolithic, you can find in the caves of Tambala, Kises, Kondoa and Mwanza. Culture is also represented by carvings (masks, sculptures, household items). Unique tradition of carving a coconut shell has been also preserved. Tanzania is famous for its distinctive culture and dance music. Zanzibar is the heart of the tradition of "taraaba", or sung poetry.
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

Where to go in Tanzania
  1. Dodoma has been the capital of the country since 1973. The city was founded by German colonists in the late 19th century. The sacred temple of Sikhs, Geological Museum, and two Christian churches belong to the main landmarks of the city. Near the town there is Kisingo Reserve, where trophy hunting is allowed.
  2. Dar-es-Salaam or simply "Dar", as it is called by locals. It is the largest city and main port of the country. It had been the capital of the country until 1973. Now there are many foreign embassies there. German, British, African and Asian architectural styles are mixed together here. Almost all attractions are concentrated near the harbor of Port District. You should see the Cathedral of St. Joseph, Roman Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter's, the palace of Sultan Majid, the English Church of St.Albana, Lutheran Cathedral, numerous mosques, colorful markets, Fish Market Mzizim, Clock Tower, the University and the Asian district. It is also interesting to visit the National Museum with the collection of archaeological artifacts, the Village Museum, where you can learn information about life of the peoples in Tanzania and the Art Gallery Nyumba-I-San. The nearest ocean beach is located in the Oyster Bay and it is famous for its beautiful coastline. 
  3. Bagamoyo - is the ancient city of Tanzania. Among the attractions you should visit the Fort, the Catholic complex, the caravanserai, Roman - Catholic Church (which is considered the oldest in Eastern and Central Africa, 1868). In the vicinity of the town there are the ruins of two mosques, made of coral stone. The city is considered the starting point for Zanzibar.
  4. Arusha - situated in the north-eastern part of Tanzania at an altitude of 1500 m. The city is start point for almost all safaris to northern Tanzania. It has a large number of tourist offices offering trips to national parks. 
  5. Kigoma - located on the shores of Lake Tanganyika and is its main port. From Kigoma you can easily get to the Gombe National Park and Gore Mahal.
  6. Zanzibar is an island which is located 40 km from the continent. It is also called "the island - Reserve" and "spice island". More than half of the island is occupied by plantations of cloves, cinnamon and other spices. We recommend you to take an excursion to the plantations of spices. It should be noted that Zanzibar - one of the oldest shopping centers in the world. In ancient times it was the base for Persian, Arab and Indian traders. Nowadays the influence of Asia is also visible, most people are Muslims, and the Arabic style architecture dominates. The main attraction of the island is the old town of Zanzibar - Stone Town. It is under UNESCO protection. 51 mosques, 6 Hindu temple and 2 Catholic churches, as well as many old buildings from coral rocks are concentrated there. Among the many attractions of the old fort you should see the ancient fort, Cathedral of Christ, St. Joseph's Cathedral, mosque of Malindi and palace of Malindi Beit El Adzhaib. In the National Museum you will learn many interesting facts about the history of the island. It is very interesting to see the ruins of the palace complex Maruhubi, the ruins of the palace Mtoni, with the remains of the ruins Kidichi Persian baths. The palace Kibveni hosts the presidents of the countries and important guests. Visit the city Mangapvani (20 km. from the town of Zanzibar), there you can see the coral caves and slave caves where slaves were hid in the 19th century. We also recommend you to visit the forest Dzhozani with mangroves and giant ferns. The forest is famous for its hospitable monkeys who are not afraid of people. In the reserve area of Menai hundreds of turtles lay their eggs. There are good conditions for observing the giant land tortoises on the island Prison.

Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

What to do in Tanzania

  • Ecotourism.
    Tanzania can offer perfect conditions for ecotourism. The country has 12 national parks, 13 nature reserves and 38 protected areas. The main natural attraction in the country is the Serengeti National Park, which occupies an area of 14,800 km. The park is home to 35 species of mammals: elephants, leopards, lions, zebras, buffaloes, rhinos, giraffes.
    - Preserve Ngorogoro
    has also a large number of animals. It has the world's largest volcanic caldera, which is located at the bottom of Lake Magadi. At the lake you can see the unforgettable sight - thousands of pink flamingos. In the vicinity of the crater Maasai tribes live. Visiting their villages, you will learn about their ancient culture and traditions.
    - Lake Manyara National Park - famous for its rare lions, which can climb trees. On the shores of the lake you can observe flamingos, storks and herons.
    - Tarangire National Park - the best time for visiting is the peak of dry season (July-September). At this time, you can watch gorgeous spectacle – watering of million species of animals.
    - Arusha National Park – it has excellent conditions for observing birds (in the park there are about 570 species of birds).
    - Kilimanjaro National Park attracts tourists with the highest peak in Africa - Kilimanjaro (5895m.) The park can offer a number of routes of different levels to climb the mountain.
    - Ruaha National Park
    - the second largest park in Tanzania and is famous for its large population of elephants.
    - The reserve Selous - the largest reserve in Africa (50 000. Sq. Km.) The reserve is one of the most popular places in the world for trophy hunting of wild animals.
    - Gombe National Park - the forests of the park are home to thousands of chimpanzees.
  • Beach vacation.
    Tanzania is washed by the Indian Ocean and boasts a beautiful coastline, stretching 804 kilometers. The main beaches are concentrated in the area of Dar es Salaam. In Tanzania, there are no public beaches; all of them belong to the hotels. The most popular beaches are also located on the islands of Mafia, Pemba and Zanzibar.
  • Diving - the best places for diving are the islands in the Indian Ocean, surrounded by coral reefs. The Marine Park is located on the islands of Bongoyo, Mbudya, Pangavini and Pfung Yasini. The marine Park is very amazing - here you can see the coral fish, snappers, coral shrimp, Freshwater butterflyfish, octopus and turtles. In the reefs Morogo and Boribo you can meet manta rays. Turtle Cave is a perfect place to observe the turtles. Between the islands Pfung and Bave you can explore wrecks. In March in costal waters of Mnemba Island you can swim with tiger sharks.
  • Deep sea fishing - perfect conditions for deep-sea fishing are established on the islands of Mafia, Pemba, Zanzibar, and also near Dar es Salaam and Pangani. The best time for fishing is from September to March. If you are lucky you can catch baracuda, tuna and marlin.
  • Safari. Tanzania is rightly called the birthplace of Safari. Here there is a big number of national parks and areas where you can watch wild animals in their environment. Safaris are organized in jeeps or buses. All reserves and parks have a network of Lodge hotels with traditional African huts and camps. Tanzanian experience in organizing trips to nature reserves is the best in Africa.
  • Trophy hunting - in Tanzania there are more than 50 special reserves where hunting is permitted. Resolution is taken in the administration. It is not so cheap: one day hunting for one kind of animal would cost at least U.S. $ 1,500. Reserve Selous is one of the most popular places in the world for trophy hunting of wild animals. Here you can hunt leopards, lions, buffalo, hippos, zebras and antelopes.
  •  Dolphin Tour.
    A fascinating tour on a boat looking for dolphins. After seeing the dolphins, the boat approaches them and the passengers in flippers and masks jump to the sea. Truly an unforgettable experience:  clear water, perfectly clear sandy bottom with red starfish, and dolphins around you.
  •  Spicy tour.
    Excursion to the plantations of cinnamon, nutmeg and other spices. Where else can you see and smell the ginger, nutmeg, pepper, vanilla, cardamom and other spices. Also, you will be shown exotic fruit trees: passion fruit, Jack Fruit, durian and pineapple. At the end of excursion there is the Spice Market, where you can buy packets of Zanzibar spices, tea and coffee with natural flavorings.

Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

Cuisine of Tanzania 


 

Tanzanian Cuisine is rather unusual and exotic. Its main ingredient is meat of wild animals and birds. At first you will probably be offered soup with green peas, or bean soup with coconut milk. Then snacks (savory dishes based on bananas, which are fried, stewed or baked).
The choice of meat dishes is impressive: fillet of antelope, elephant stew, crocodile meat with banana salad, roasted ostrich with fruity sauce, buffalo steak. Of course, there is beef and pork in the menu, but it is expensive. "Ugali" (roasted cereal grains) is usually served as garnish. You can also find rice and fried potatoes.
On the coast there is a big choice of seafood dishes - fried shrimp, lobster, stew octopus, fried or baked fish and sea algae salad. Being in Africa, you should try the local delicacy - fried termites and locusts. For dessert you can enjoy various pancakes, cake with banana and fresh fruit.  Fresh juice with ice, coffee and tea are very popular drinks.
It should be noted that Tanzania belongs to five leading countries - exporters of coffee and tea, so the quality of these drinks will pleasantly surprise you. Very popular local brands of beer: "Safari," "Kibo-Gold," "Kilimanjaro" and "Tasker".
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

What to buy in Tanzania

In Tanzania you can buy souvenirs made of black wood (ebony), leather, malachite, soapstone, also masks, figurines, statues, batik, drums, Braids, and coffee.
The country has mines of unique Tanzanian green tourmalines, sapphires, garnets, emeralds and diamonds, and more - a rare mineral tanzanite "Blue Diamond", which is found only in the volcanic deposits of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania

 

Useful information about Tanzania

- Tanzania is rather poor country, so do not provoke locals, demonstrating the expensive technique or jewelry.
- Don’t walk at night alone.
- Don’t leave your bags.
- Always carry a copy of your passport and the passport, money and tickets keep in a safe.
- Don’t buy food on the street, except the products in original packaging and bottled water.
- Don’t drink water from the tap. Drink only boiled water or bottled beverages.
- Wash fruits with boiled water.
- Don’t swim in fresh water.
- Immunization against tetanus and hepatitis A is highly recommended. Also make vaccination against yellow fever, typhoid, cholera and malaria. It should be noted that HIV and AIDS are rapidly spreading through the country.

 

How to get a visa to Tanzania


90-day visa to Tanzania can be applied in the embassy, and when entering the country.

 

To obtain a visa upon arrival, you must submit the following documents:
• a passport valid for at least six months from the date of entry into Tanzania;
• filled in English  migration card (issued at border crossings);
• a completed application form in English on the state of health (issued at border crossings);
• return flights;
• proof of sufficient funds for travel at the rate of 5000 TZS (~ U.S. $ 3) per person per day.
• 50 EUR - for visa fee.

The embassy visa can be obtained in the embassy in your country within two days, and at the same price (50 EUR). For this purpose the necessary documents:
• A passport valid for at least six months;
• Two photos 3,5 x4, 5 cm on a blue background;
• Two completed visa application forms.

 

 

 

Interesting facts about Tanzania

  • Tanzania has the highest mountain in East Africa - "Kilimanjaro", which reaches 5890 meters;
  • Lake Tanganyika is the deepest lake in the world, after Russia's Lake Baikal;
  • Tanzania is the birthplace of safari;
  • Some of the houses are made from mud and cow poop.
  • More than 1,000 people were affected by the epidemic of laughter in Tanzania in 1962. It started at school for girls in the village Kashasha - first three girls burst into laughing without stopping, and then the whole class. Bouts of laughter lasted from several hours to several days in a row. After this time the school was closed, but it did not prevent from the epidemic. Finally, the phenomenon disappeared 18 months after the first reported cases;
  • On the African island of Zanzibar tsetse fly has been completely destroyed. For this purpose special breeded male flies sterilized by irradiation were released into the wild. These mutants were stronger and quickly replaced the normal males.

 

Findings

Tanzania is rather big and rather exotic country which is located in the eastern part of Africa. The climate, flora and fauna are very varied, but in general typical for equatorial Africa. We don’t recommend you to go to Tanzania during the rainy season. In the North there are two rainy seasons (March to May, September and November), in the South - from November to April.
The population of country is big, but the living standards are very low. Because of various epidemics, it is not recommended to go to the country without vaccination.
Tanzania is a birthplace of "Safari" and it is its main attraction. Being in Tanzania, for sure take Safari tour. Visit the island of Zanzibar - the island boasts its landmarks and beaches.
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania
Tanzania Tanzania Tanzania



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