Cyprus

Category: Resorts » International | Author: alex | Views: 4840 | 3-10-2011, 01:38
Cyprus

Official name: Republic of Cyprus

Capital: Nicosia

Form of government: presidential republic

Area: 9251 sq.km.

Geographical position: West Asia

Climate: Mediterranean

Population: 850 000

Ethnic groups: Greek (76%), Turkish Cypriots (17%), Armenians and Arabs (4%) and other

Language: Greek (Cypriot dialect) and Turkish (in the northern part)

Religion: Orthodox (77%) and Islam (18%)

Currency: Euro 

 

Отели Кубы Hotels in Cyprus  Туры в Кубу Tours in Cyprus     Курортные города Кубы Resort cities of Cyprus

Другие места отдыха на Кубе Other places of rest in Cyprus    Рассказы туристов о Кубе Stories of travelers about Cyprus

Cyprus

Flag of Cyprus

Cyprus

Map of Cyprus

Cyprus

Coat of arms of Cyprus

 

Information about Cyprus

Cyprus is a beautiful island in the Mediterranean. Tourists are attracted by wonderful climate, beautiful sea, bright sun and hospitality of local people. Admire the sun and the sea, feel the unity with nature, dive in the clear waters of the Mediterranean Sea, visit the Greek temples and Byzantine churches, smell the aroma of jasmine and wild thyme. Every tourist can find something interesting according to his taste: diving, island tours, visiting places of interest, going to Aqua park and watching dolphins, horse riding and making mini-cruises. 

 

Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus

 

Geographical position of Cyprus

The Republic of Cyprus is located on the same-called island in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. The relief of the island is quite diverse. It has lowland, forests and mountains. The coastline in the North is indented and rocky (some cliffs have a height of about 1000 meters). There are wonderful sandy beaches in the South. Cyrenia mountain range is located in the North and volcanic mountains Troodos - in the South-West (the highest point is Mount Olympus - 1951 meters).

 

Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus

 

History of Cyprus

Nobody knows the exact time of the first settlers on the island, some historians believe that the first population of the island began in 8500 BC. Because of the advantageous geographical position between East and West and lots of natural resources (copper and wood), Cyprus has always been a desirable target for invaders. In ancient times it was possessed by Finickiest, Assyrians, Persians and Greeks. In 333 - 323 years BC the island was conquered by Alexander the Great, and in 58 BC - by the Roman Empire. After destroying of the Roman Empire, Cyprus belonged to the Byzantine Empire. In 1191 the Crusaders conquered the island, and later they sold it to the French nobleman Guy-de-Lyugnanu. After his death, the wife inherited the island and gave it as a gift to Venice. Venice used Cyprus as a military base, and the local population was forced to pay high taxes. It was a terrible time for Cyprus. So, when in 1571 the Ottoman troops attacked the island, the locals took them as saviors. The Turks have canceled slavery and allowed to choose religion Orthodoxy or Islam. Most Cypriots have chosen Orthodoxy. After the World War I, according to the Lausanne Agreement, Cyprus became a British colony. In august 16, 1960 it was declared as an independent republic. And as a result of Greek Cypriots attack the Turkish community in 1963 the Civil War began. UNO forces have established the "green line" in order to avoid more conflicts. In 1974 the Greek Cypriots with the support of Greek troops attempted to make a revolution and to join the island to Greece. In response to this provocation, Turkey sent its troops to protect Turkish community. After taking several unsuccessful attempts to unite Cyprus in 1983, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was declared.

 

Flora and fauna of Cyprus

Cyprus has 1,900 species of plants, 140 of them are unique. The most common are wild orchids and famous Cypriot thistle. Pines, oaks, wild strawberries, junipers, cypresses and cedars grow in forests. There are also numerous flowers. Pink cyclamen is in blossom in the period from February to April, pink orchids - from March to April. Pink oleanders are usually seen along the roads. There are about 350 species of birds in Cyprus, including the beautiful pink flamingos and pelicans. Birds use the island as a base migrating in their way from Europe to Africa. 12 species of mammals and 20 species of turtles are also found on the island. If you want to watch the turtles laying their eggs, so go to the Akamas peninsula. Reserve in the mountains of Troodos is home to the mouflon - mountain sheep. Coastal waters of Cyprus contain large amounts of salt, so the underwater world is not very diverse. Sea urchins, fish and peacock blennies live in shallow water. Sometimes dolphins and seals are seen.


Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus

 

The climate of Cyprus

The climate of Cyprus is Mediterranean. The year is divided into dry hot summer (May-September), and mild wet winter (November-March). The average temperature in summer is 35 C in the shade and in winter 10.. 15 C. The most favorable time for traveling is in spring and autumn when the weather is sunny and the temperature is normal.

 

Where to go in Cyprus

  • Nicosia is the capital of the state, its cultural, economical and political center. The city combines the historical past and the features of modern city. City Centre is surrounded by Venetian wall with museums, ancient churches and medieval buildings. "Green Line" divides the city into two parts: the Greek and Turkish. Worth visiting: the Cyprus Archaeological Museum, the Cathedral Church of St. John, the Museum of icons, the Museum of Folk Art. Famagusta Gate is the original entrance to the old city. It is also interesting to visit Byzantine Museum, the bishop's Palace, the cathedral with beautiful frescoes, the National Museum of Struggle and the Ethnographic Museum. Sit and drink coffee in the cozy cafes and taverns.
  • Limassol is the second largest city in Cyprus, a big port and wine center. Attractions: Castle of Limassol, Municipal Park with zoo and archeological museum. To the west of the city there is the fortress of Kolossi from15th century (in the church of Ayia Napa the blanket is kept , which St. Veronica gave to Christ on the road to Calvary), an ancient Roman theater in Kourion, the temple of Apollo, citrus plantation "Fassuri" and vineyards. To the east of the town there is the ancient city-king. Limassol has wonderful sandy beaches. The sand on the beaches has gray shade, because of the large amount of silicon and it is very useful for the skin. In early September the Wine Festival takes place, it is dedicated to the god of wine Dionysus. In late February the carnival starts. It is famous for its colorful procession.
  • Larnaca is also popular tourist city. It is interesting to visit the Museum of the Middle Ages, Tekke Mosque (the burial place of Umm Haram - the relative of the Prophet Muhammad), the Church of St. Lazarus, the Church of Panagia Angeloktisti with Byzantine mosaics, there is also the oldest monastery in the island Stavrovouni ("Mount of Crucifixion") near Larnaci, which was built in 327 and contains part of the rope, by which Jesus was tied to the cross. Millions of birds from the continent come to Salt Lake in winter (especially big and magnificent is the population of Flamingoes). Visit the ancient villages Aefkara and Kornos - centers of folk arts and know more about traditions and customs of the Cypriots. Near Larnaca there is the resort Ayia Napa with a large water park, amusement park and Dolphinarium.
  • Paphos is one of the most beautiful and oldest cities in Cyprus: a cozy resort town with many hotels, bars, restaurants and other entertainments. Be sure to visit the most famous place in Cyprus "Roman’s stone" It is located 25 km from Paphos, and according to the legend, in this place Aphrodite, the goddess of love, was born from the sea foam and came to the shore . People say that everyone who bathes in this place will receive the gift of beauty and youth. The name Aphrodite is connected with two more places - the Baths of Aphrodite near the Polis and Fontana Amoroso ("Fountain of Love"). St. Paul's Pillar and Tombs of the Kings, carved in soft stone of low hills and dated 4th century BC are also popular among tourists. Large Aquarium-Museum attracts many people. There are many grow bananas and vineyards not far from Paphos.
  • The village of Prodromos is the highest village (at the 1402 meters) and is famous for its orchards.
  • Village Kalopanayotis is famous for its sulfurous sources which are useful for the gastrointestinal tract, as well as are recommended for the skin diseases and rheumatism.
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus

 

What to do in Cyprus

  1. Beaches. The Sea is clean and deep, and coastline is covered with golden soft sand. The most popular beaches are in Ayia Napa. There are also many conditions for water sports: windsurfing, fishing, and, of course, diving. In the Sea near Ayia Napa there are many interesting objects for underwater exploration - shipwrecks, amphora, mysterious caves and bizarre rock formations.
  2. Cycling. Cyprus is a great place for cycling. Cycling can be enjoyed everywhere. There are well designed cycle paths in the cities. Remember - ride on the left site.
  3. Excursions. Cyprus is often called the open-air museum. Many interesting places from the point of history and archeology are concentrated on the island. Ancient legends come alive in the ruins of temples and Palaces.
  4. Mini-cruises. Due to its geographical location, Cyprus offers an opportunity for tourists to make mini-cruises to Egypt, Syria or Lebanon.
  5. Visit the park of birds and reptiles (30 minutes drive from Kuta). In the park you can see more than 300 rare tropical birds from around the world: from the 20-gram hummingbird - to relatives of the ostrich, cassowary birds. The park is a rainforest with visually unnoticeable cages. There is a park of reptiles nearby, where you can see snakes, crocodiles, iguanas, and Komodo dragons. Enjoy an excited show with crocodiles and poisonous snakes, performed by the Yoga from the island Yawa. And the bravest may watch the breathtaking scenes of snakes feeding and crocodiles fighting.
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Some prices in Cyprus (2010)

  • Staying in cheap hotels, grocery shopping and using public transport will cost you about 40-60 euro per day 
  • Middle-class hotel, eating in restaurant 2 times a day and renting a car - 70-100 Euros per day
  • VIP vacation - from 150 euro
  • Dinner - 15 Euro
  • Lunch - 3-7 euro
  • Soda (1 liter) - 1 Euro
  • Beer - 1.5-3 euro
  • Cola - 1.3 euro
  • Coffee - 1-3 euro
  • Car renting - 30 euro per day
  • Umbrella renting on beach - 1 euro
  • Jeep - Safari - 40 euro
  • Water Park - 20 euro
  • Museums - 1 euro 

 

Cypriot Cuisine

 

The national Cypriot dishes are originated from Greek and Turkish traditions, but also they include elements of Armenian, Arabic and English cuisines. The basic ingredients are vegetables and meat. The restaurant offers mize, which contains 8-10 different dishes, including tallaturi (cucumber salad and garlic in yogurt), melindzanosalata (eggplant salad) and salad from tomatoes, cucumbers, olives and feta cheese. Different kinds of soups enjoy popularity in Cyprus: chicken (tavuk suyyu), lentil (merdzhimek chorbasy) and the noodle soup (sheyhriye chorbasy). A big choice on sweets: halvas (sweet biscuits), and Lukumi, baklavas (cake with nuts and honey).


There is an abundance of juicy fruits such as oranges, tangerines, strawberries and Grapefruit (almost all year round). As for drinks, juices are highly recommended. They are always of good quality and do not contain any preservatives.
Popular Cypriot dishes:

  • Musakas - baked potatoes, meat and eggplant with spices
  • Kebab -lamb grilled on coal
  • Tawas - a meat dish with onions 

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What to buy in Cyprus

  • Soundzouku - Cypriot sweets made of grape syrup and almonds
  • pottery - jugs, bowls, vases, painted in the spirit of antiquity
  • a statuettes of Aphrodite, which according to legend, was born in Cyprus or a statuette of Venus de Milo
  • Cypriot dessert wine "Commandaria"
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus

 

Interesting facts about Cyprus:

  1. Cyprus is a leader in the production of wine. Every year wine festival holds here, you can drink here as much wine as you want just for half dollar (entrance price to the festival).
  2. A carnival in honor of the god of wine – Dionysus holds here for more than 100 years.
  3. Despite the abundance of wine, its price is very high in shops.
  4. Despite the fact that Cyprus is washed by Sea from all sites. There is not much fish here, so they import it. This is connected with a high concentration of salt and the currents passing off.
  5. Taxi drivers in Cyprus are not supposed to give change. So if you gave 100 dollars instead of 5 don't expect to have back your 95.



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